Frequently asked questions
Funding for 2014-2015 has already been allocated. The identification and formulation of the concerned national and regional programmes has been completed (2014 budget) or is under way (2015 budget). If additional funds are received from EU Member States, they will be allocated to new interventions on the basis of identified priorities. A new financial framework for the period 2014-2020 has been approved, so additional funding will be allocated and committed in coming years.
GCCA funding comes from the EC budget, the European Development Fund and EU Member States. Part of the EC and EU Member State funds up to 2012 originated from fast start finance pledged at the UNFCCC 15th Conference of the Parties in Copenhagen in 2009. More information can be found here.
Fast start finance is funding pledged by the most developed countries in the wake of the UNFCCC 15th Conference of the Parties (CoP), held in Copenhagen in 2009, to support immediate action on climate change in developing countries.
The EU was a significant contributor of climate-related fast-start finance to developing countries. For 2010-2012, €7.2 billion was pledged and €7.34 million actually committed by the EU. This money helps developing countries strengthen their resilience to climate change and mitigate their greenhouse gas emissions, including those from deforestation. EU fast start finance is notably used to support forest protection, and the adoption of new technologies in areas such as low-carbon energy, energy efficiency and low-carbon transport. The majority of EU fast start finance was provided bilaterally by EU Member States.
The GCCA is one of the multiple channels through which fast start finance is implemented. €104 million of fast start finance from the EC, Ireland, Estonia and Cyprus has been channelled through the GCCA.
The GCCA+ supports developing countries most vulnerable to climate change, with a specific focus on Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) that are recipients of official development assistance.
The Intra-ACP programme offers assistance to public and private entities located in the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States. Assistance includes direct technical support as well as activities to build regional policy dialogue and share knowledge on climate change issues. Please see the Intra-ACP web pages for more information.
Generally speaking, the GCCA does not provide funding to organisations on the basis of spontaneous or ad hoc requests.
GCCA funding is allocated on the basis of needs prioritisation. Within this framework, possibilities exist for various types of organisations to be involved:
Entities located in ACP countries are welcome to explore two training modules created by the Intra-ACP Programme. The modules cover mainstreaming climate change and climate financing, and there are limited resources available to assist beneficiaries in delivering these trainings. For more information, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
The training materials posted on this website can be used in full or in part to support the organisation of other workshops on similar topics, provided the source is adequately acknowledged. Specific attention should be paid to adequate referencing of any third-party materials (e.g. graphs, tables, figures, pictures) included in these training materials, and specific authorisation should be obtained from the owners of such third-party materials for any use in publications, including web-based publishing.
Word versions of the handouts and PowerPoint versions of the slides can be obtained on request via email@example.com.
Access to the GCCA Community Forum on the EC's Capacity4Dev platform is by invitation or upon request. It is focused on GCCA partners in the wider sense, including those involved in the implementation or follow-up of GCCA-funded programmes, in regional workshops, and in training and technical assistance activities implemented under the Intra-ACP Programme. If you are not yet a Capacity4Dev user, you may register as a member, then move to the GCCA Community Forum page and click on “Become a member”.
The EU is strongly committed to tackling climate change. In its communication on 'A budget for Europe 2020', the European Commission proposes, for the period 2014-2020, to increase the proportion of the EU budget related to climate action mainstreaming and the transition to a low-carbon and climate-resilient society to at least 20%. To achieve this aim, climate mitigation and adaptation actions will be mainstreamed into all the major EU programmes. This concerns 'internal' programmes, but also has implications for EU development cooperation. Indeed, combating climate change forms an integral part of the EU development agenda.
The EU's action on climate change in the context of development cooperation is underpinned by four priorities:
- raising the political profile of climate change;
- support for adaptation in developing countries;
- support for mitigation and sustainable development paths;
- developing administrative capacity in vulnerable countries.
The EU has been the largest contributor of climate finance flows to developing countries since well before the Copenhagen conference. The European Commission alone has provided traditional official development assistance for climate change-related interventions amounting to over €3.7 billion since 2002. Significant contributions directly from EU Member States must be added to this. To be effective and to enable the fastest possible deployment of the available funds, the EU is using existing bilateral and multilateral delivery channels as well as reinforcing existing initiatives. The GCCA is thus only one of multiple channels through which the EU provides climate support to developing countries.
Two other EU initiatives that engage the private as well as the public sector include:
- The regional investment facilities, established by the EC to address investment needs in different sectors, including the needs of small and medium sized enterprises: they pool together grant resources from the EU budget and the EU Member states and use them to leverage loans from European finance institutions as well as contributions from partner countries. The investment volume of projects addressing the effects of climate change in all regional EU investment facilities already amounts to more than €8 billion. To further harness the potential for climate action, the EC has created climate change windows in all of them.
- The Global Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fund (GEEREF): this is an innovative public-private partnership initiated by the European Commission and managed by the European Investment Bank group to transfer clean and renewable energy technologies to developing countries. GEEREF has so far invested more than €45 million in four regional funds, covering Southern Africa, East Africa, South Asia and Latin America.
REDD is the global initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, in the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It aims to create financial incentives, in the form of transfers from developed countries, for developing countries to protect and sustainably manage their forests, and thereby maintain or enhance carbon stocks in trees and forest soils. The 'plus' in 'REDD-plus' refers to the extension of initial objectives, with the Bali Action Plan, to forest conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.
For any question not addressed above or in other sections of this website, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.