Applying aid effectiveness principles
International development aid has not always delivered the desired results on the ground. The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness was formulated in 2005 to address this and today over 100 countries adhere to it. The Paris Declaration is founded on five core principles – ownership; alignment; harmonisation; managing for results; and mutual accountability, as illustrated in the "Paris Declaration pyramid" below.
The Paris Declaration pyramid
These core principles underpin the GCCA approach to supporting partner countries. The GCCA promotes ownership and alignment through support for climate change mainstreaming, the use of decentralised management, sector policy support programmes and budget support, as well as through dialogue.
As illustrated in the tables below, the GCCA strives to complement and support ongoing frameworks and processes. It contributes to the implementation of existing national programmes or strategies. It engages in joint financing and programming and partnerships whenever possible, supporting the harmonisation principle. The use of sector and budget support puts the focus on using effective performance assessment frameworks as each tranche of aid is delivered once agreed criteria are met. This is in line with the Paris principle of managing for results. The GCCA is also committed to mutual accountability, sharing knowledge and lesson learning.
The Accra Agenda for Action of 2008 has built on the success of the Paris Declaration, with an emphasis on three main areas: ownership; inclusive partnerships and delivering results. These principles, as well as Article 34 of the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation - which highlights the need to promote enhanced coherence, transparency and predictability across approaches for effective climate change finance - have shaped the GCCA approach to delivering finance for supporting countries most vulnerable to climate change.