Partners

The GCCA involves a wide range of partners across the world. Partnerships can take various forms, including participation in policy dialogue with EU authorities at national, regional or international level, financial contributions to the GCCA, and technical contributions to implementation. Some partners may be involved in several ways.

To date, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Ireland and Sweden have made financial contributions to the GCCA, mainly (but not exclusively) in the form of fast start finance pledged at the UNFCCC 15th Conference of the Parties in Copenhagen in 2009 (see section on financial resources).

EU Member State development agencies – including those of Denmark (Danida), Germany (GIZ), Luxembourg (LuxDev), Portugal (Instituto Camões), Sweden (SIDA) and the United Kingdom (DFID) – are also involved as partners in GCCA-funded national programmes, and co-finance some interventions as part of wider joint initiatives at the national or regional level. For more information, see ‘How can EU Member States participate?’.

The European Commission finances the GCCA initiative through its development cooperation budget and through fast start funding (see section on financial resources).

EuropeAid (DG for International Cooperation and Development) drives and oversees the overall implementation of the GCCA. It works in partnership with EU Delegations to support the preparation, approval and subsequent monitoring of GCCA-funded programmes. It liaises with DG Climate Action to ensure overall coordination of this DG’s international action with GCCA activities and the sharing of GCCA experience to inform climate negotiations. It also collaborates with EU Member States on GCCA implementation.

EU Delegations in partner countries drive the identification and formulation of GCCA-funded national and regional interventions in collaboration with partner country governments and, once an intervention has been approved, support its implementation, monitoring and evaluation. At all stages of the project cycle, they ensure in-country coordination with international organisations and other development partners.

Partner country governments participate in the policy dialogue on climate change with the European Union, at the national level or in the context of regional and global initiatives.

Relevant ministries, government agencies and other public institutions play a key role in the identification, formulation, implementation and monitoring of GCCA-funded programmes. Some governments also co-finance these interventions from the national budget. For more information, see ‘How can governments of developing countries participate?’ and the pages describing national programmes.

International organisations – notably the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), UN Habitat and the World Bank – are involved in the implementation of some GCCA-funded interventions, and also co-finance some initiatives. For more information, see ‘How can international organisations participate?’ and the pages describing national programmes.

Synergies and complementarities are systematically sought between GCCA interventions and those of other development partners involved in a country or region. At the international level, the GCCA also collaborates with international initiatives such as the Climate and Development Network (CDKN) and the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative (UNPEI).

Development partners in the wider sense are also directly associated with the financing and implementation of GCCA-funded programmes: depending on the specific context, partner country government organisations, EU Member State and other development agencies, regional organisations, international organisations, local authorities, non-governmental and civil society organisations, or academic organisations, may be involved in the implementation of GCCA-funded programmes. For more information, see the pages describing national and regional interventions. The section entitled ‘How can civil society organisations participate?’ also provides useful information on the role of this type of partner.

The Intra-ACP Programme – an initiative of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, funded by the European Union – supports ACP Member States to tackle climate change as a challenge to their development. The ACP Secretariat, located in Brussels, Belgium, is in charge of overall coordination of the Intra-ACP. In addition, the programme offers direct technical assistance to entities located in ACP States through the programme’s Climate Support Facility (CSF).

The Global Support Facility (GSF) supports the European Commission in managing various aspects of the GCCA initiative. Besides supporting the identification and formulation of GCCA-funded interventions and helping organise policy dialogue and training events, it now offers a variety of technical support services to GCCA programmes and beneficiaries.

A number of national GCCA+-funded programmes include a component aimed at financing activities put forward by civil society organisations (CSOs) including non-governmental organisations (NGOs).

In such cases, organisations are invited to submit project proposals – which are first screened against eligibility criteria, then evaluated on the basis of pre-determined quality criteria. Depending on the objectives and planned activities of a given programme, other opportunities to get involved may also include participation in consultative processes, involvement in capacity building activities, or implementation of activities targeted at enhancing public awareness of climate-related issues and responses.

Resilience and adaptation to climate change is a major issue for least developed countries (LDCs) and small island developing states (SIDS), as climate change threatens to slow down their growth and hamper their poverty reduction efforts.

One way of rapidly addressing climate change and building resilient communities and economies is to engage the local level more meaningfully, as this is where responsibility for small- to medium-sized adaptation investments typically lies. Local authorities are in the best position to identify the adaptation responses that best meet their needs and fit local circumstances. Yet most local authorities in LDCs are not in a position to contribute effectively to climate change adaptation and resilience building as they lack appropriate budgetary allocations from the national level to do so. They are often unable to support the incremental costs of climate change adaptation with their own resources, and at best can only access climate finance through national programmes with specific financial arrangements rather than through mechanisms aligned with their own established decision making processes and public expenditure management cycles.

GCCA+ is promoting climate change-resilient communities by increasing financing for, and investment in, climate change adaptation at the local level. Through UNCDF’s LoCAL initiative, local authorities across the world can address climate change directly and more effectively. The initiative has exceeded expectations and now runs in Asia, Pacific and Africa.

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