Madagascar - Mainstreaming Climate Change in the Fishery Sector in the Androy Region



According to Madagascar’s National Action Plan for Adaptation, the target area (the southern Region of Androy) is one of the country’s regions most vulnerable to Climate Change.

The Region of Androy is a semi-arid zone and is regularly affected by droughts, causing periods of famine and temporary migration of the inhabitants to the North. Poverty levels in Androy are higher than in any other region of the country. The difficult climate conditions constrain agricultural and livestock development. On the other hand, the south is extremely rich in fishery resources thanks to a local phenomenon of “upwelling waters”. At present, these fishery resources are being under-utilised; their valorisation under a sustainable management regime could significantly contribute to food security in the area.

It is expected that a sustainable development of the fishery sector in the target area would benefit, directly or indirectly, most inhabitants of the region, i.e. 600 000 people.



The CSF sent an expert for a three-week mission in order to :

  • Inform fishery stakeholders (University of Toliara, regional government officials, fishermen associations, development practitioners active in the fishery sector) on the effects of climate change on fisheries and to advise them on the best ways to adapt the sector.
  • Advise Mr. Mahatante, PhD sudent at the University of Toliara, on the most appropriate approach and methodology for his study on the development of fisheries sector in Androy and the assessment of the effects of climate change on stocks, risks, etc.


The mission was a success and the expert was able to visit several places of potential for fishery andorganise two workshops on the subject.

The two workshops gathered around 100 people (students, scientists, local authorities, NGOs, fishery associations, etc.). For some participants, it was a good opportunity to better explain the climate change and its impacts. These workshops also identified the need and initiated a better exchange of knowledge amongst the different stakeholders and amongst the various scientific researches. Indeed, there are many civil, public or private initiatives in the field and they are not always aware of each others.

The local authorities expressed their desire to support more projects in the fishery sector and NGOs mentioned that they could consider reorientation of some of their activities to this field.

Although some obstacles to the development of the fishery sector are technical (need for radio equipment and better meteorology stations) and political (improvement of the roads), the main need identified during this mission is to raise awareness and help the local population to go past the taboos about fishery.

This could be overcome only with a common effort from all stakeholders and a communication and training programme.

Regarding the PhD thesis of Mr Mahatante, the expert helped him build a methodology in order to analyse the variations in marine resources stocks and evaluate the part linked to climate change versus the impact of human activities.