Djibouti - Calculation of the Emission Factor for the Electricity System
Djibouti has been selected as beneficiary country for a full-fledged project under the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA). An identification mission was conducted in the months of April and May 2012. Following the outcomes of the mission, the future GCCA project should focus on institutional strengthening in the area of carbon finance aiming at an active participation of Djibouti in the Clean Development Mechanism.
Having a natural environment that is very favourable for the production of renewable energy (solar, aeolian, geothermal), Djibouti has worked on the development of a number of such projects like for instance a wind energy project in Goubet and a geothermal energy project in the Assal Rift. The idea is to implement these projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and to generate, besides energy, also carbon credits (Units Certified Emission Reduction).
Yet, in order to qualify for participation in the CDM, Djibouti must present realistic estimations on the emission reductions that would result from implementing the proposed projects. Obviously, reductions can only be estimated or measured if and when the reference level which is the emission factor of the current electricity grid, is known. The process of developing and submitting the mentioned CDM project proposals got somehow stuck on the Djiboutian authorities’ lack of familiarity with UNFCCC procedures and requirements, including the methodology and tool to be applied for the calculation of the required emission factor.
In view of an efficient start of the activities under the future GCCA project, there was need for the CSF to undertake a preliminary study aiming to calculate the emission factor of the electricity system. This was done through the organisation of a training workshop in order to build the capacity of the local staff and therefore allow the country in the future to update the calculation and the emission factor themselves.
The CSF expert was able to carry out a one-week mission during which he collected the relevant data and organised a workshop with selected staff of the Ministry of Housing, Urban Planning and Environment as well as the Ministry of Water and Energy.
During the workshop the basic emission factor was calculated. Instructions were then given to the participants on how to calculate a more accurate emission factor with the last version of the UNFCCC tool by integrating off-grid generators.