Climate change adaptation and renewable energy development in Chad

The Republic of Chad is faced with extreme climate events which, depending on the season and the bioclimatic zone, may take the form of increasingly severe droughts or increasingly devastating floods. Vulnerability to such events is all the more critical since existing administrative structures (ministries, government agencies and local government) lack human and financial resources, capacities and means of action to respond. Climate change impacts are felt in agriculture, livestock breeding, fisheries, health, housing and more areas.

A national adaptation programme of action (NAPA) was published in 2009. However, resources for its implementation are still lacking. Generally speaking, the Republic of Chad does not currently have adequate institutional resources to make full use of financing mechanisms under the UNFCCC and implement adaptation and mitigation projects and measures. The GCCA intervention aims to help the country address some of these gaps.

Strengthening climate governance

Overall objective:

Support Chad in the implementation of a national response to climate change, thereby contributing to the emergence of a climate-resilient, low-carbon economy.

Specific objective:

Strengthen climate governance by mainstreaming climate change into a number of key sector policies and by implementing field projects aligned with the NAPA and related priorities.

Main expected results and activities: 

Climate change adaptation and mitigation policies and strategies are developed and implemented, notably in the agriculture and livestock sector (adaptation) and the energy sector (clean energy development).

  • Support will be given to the Ministry of Environment and Fisheries in setting up a monitoring system for the NAPA.
  • Support will also be provided for the accreditation of a national implementing entity through which the country will get direct access to the Adaptation Fund, and of a designated national authority to act as a focal point for access to the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).
  • A national process will be set up to mainstream climate change into the next National Development Plan 2015-2020, and into sector policies and strategies for agriculture, livestock breeding and energy.
  • The Ministry of Energy and Oil (MEP) will get assistance for the calculation of the CO2 emission factor of the country’s power grid, the development of a renewable energy master plan and the setting up of a regulatory framework and financial incentives (feed-in tariffs) for renewable energies.
  • An enabling institutional and budgetary framework will be established for the replication of successful experiences and the dissemination of practices and techniques that promote enhanced resilience to climate change and climate risks.
  • Planned activities also include the development and implementation of an advocacy, communication and information strategy and plan.

Practices and techniques supporting enhanced resilience of the most climate-vulnerable people and more sustainable use of natural resources are tested and demonstrated in the field, and evaluated in view of their adoption on a larger scale.

This project component includes the development, implementation and monitoring of four field projects aligned with NAPA priorities and related priorities with regard to woodfuel supply. Projects will be selected on the basis of a call for proposals. Indicatively and subject to confirmation, projects would bear on the development of diversified crops adapted to extreme climate-related risks, soil protection and restoration activities, improvements in and the development of inter-communal grazing lands, and reforestation in the periphery of N’Djamena with a view to increasing the availability of woodfuels.

The project’s two components are complementary: the institutional component must help establish a suitable enabling environment for the implementation of concrete adaptation and mitigation actions, while activities in the field are expected to contribute to stakeholder engagement at various levels, incentivise action at the policy and institutional levels, and inform decisions in relation to climate change mainstreaming in development planning.

Key achievements: 
  • Support the preparation of Chad Intended Nationally Determined Contribution; and preparation and participation in Paris - COP21; 
  • Support to the Ministry of Energy and Oil (MEP) of Chad in the calculation of the CO2 emission factor in 12 regions;
  • Capacity building activities for central executives in ministries and civil society, on mainstreaming of climate change into sectoral policies, on data analysis and social and climate vulnerability, and climate finance;
  • Support to the integration of adaptation and mitigation issues in the national development plan of Chad 2016-2020;
  • Support to the formulation of the national climate change strategy;
  • Specific support to the Ministry in charge of Energy, including the calculation emission factor CO2 of the national electricity grid;
  • Establishment of the NAPA monitoring-evaluation system;
  • Support for the accreditation of a National Implementing Entity (NIE);
  • A call for proposals for field pilot projects was launched.
Way forward: 
The main activities to be implemented can be summarize as below :
  • Continue to prepare the accreditation of a National Implementing Entity (NIE) to the Adaptation Fund;
  • Prepare Climate Resilience projects to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund;
  • Organize national Capacity Building activities notably on financing energy projects, planning for the deployment of renewable energies, improving the institutional, legal and regulatory framework;
  • Develop a renewable energy master plan and the setting up of a regulatory framework and financial incentives for renewable energies;
  • Prepare the national workshop on climate negotiations and participate to COP23;
  • Monitoring and evaluation of field projects;
  • Participate to national network AGORA 30 on climate adaptation and resilience.

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