Waste management is a significant challenge in Kenya, especially in Nairobi, the rapidly growing capital. Nairobi produces around 2,400 tons of waste every day, of which only 38 per cent is collected and less than 10 per cent recycled (JICA, 2010). The remaining 62 per cent is left on illegal dumpsites and next to houses or burned. This is particularly the case for residents living in low-income areas, 2.5 million people, who cannot afford waste collection services. These services are unaffordable because of the costly and inefficient disposal at overfilled dumpsites.
Additionally, the private sector overlooks the income-generating opportunities from waste, such as recycling and composting. Uncollected waste causes severe health and environmental problems and represents a missed opportunity from development and economic perspective. The NAMA targets this missed opportunity by promoting an alternative to the existing waste value chain. Instead of waste being collected for disposal only, the NAMA facilitates the diversion of at least 90 per cent of collected waste away from disposal sites and towards various recycling practices. The NAMA creates multiple links currently missing in the value chain: recycling points, where the waste will be sorted for subsequent recycling; and composting facilities, for the organic waste treatment. The NAMA will also research and operationalize new recycling technologies as well as strengthen existing recycling industries. Successful pilot models have already been tested by small and medium-sized companies in Nairobi.
2015 UNDP NAMA: A CIRCULAR ECONOMY SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT APPROACH FOR URBAN AREAS IN KENYA