At a glance
The Gambia’s low-lying coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts, including sea level rise, increased saline intrusion and flooding during torrential rains. Coastal areas are particularly vulnerable in view of the concentration of socioeconomic and cultural assets.
Coastal erosion on parts of the Atlantic coastline is a serious problem that will be exacerbated by sea level rise. In some areas, the beach has been retreating at a rate of 1-2 m per year, threatening tourism infrastructure and associated livelihoods. With a 1-metre increase in sea level, some 92 km² of land in the Gambia’s coastal zone would be inundated, with the entire capital city of Banjul at risk. Further inland, soil salinisation in riparian areas resulting from sea level rise and saline intrusion is having negative impacts on farming.