Main activities per result
The Government of Vanuatu gets assistance in policy development on climate change.
Through the provision of funding and technical assistance, the programme seeks to foster the integration of climate change vulnerability into development plans and budgets, as well as the capacity to enforce environment-related laws; assist in strengthening dialogue on climate change with other partners; support participation in international forums; help finalise the ratification of international agreements; and prepare the ground for the use of budget support for actions on climate change.
Resilience to climate- and weather-related risks identified in Vanuatu’s NAPA is strengthened.
Traditional and improved farming practices are identified and promoted to conserve soil moisture and nutrients, to reduce run-off and control soil erosion. Rainwater harvesting is developed. Diversification of agriculture by means of agroforestry is promoted, notably to control flooding.
Early warning and monitoring systems are developed to provide timely and relevant information to assist farmers in watershed areas to prepare for and cope with flooding.
Successful practices such as roof water harvesting and storage are scaled up to address water security issues in selected at-risk coastal communities.
Programme activities also support wetland restoration and the replanting of coastal vegetation. Forest management and indigenous afforestation methods will be improved to reduce flooding, coastal erosion and the impact of storm surges. Hazard/risk mapping will be conducted to demarcate high-risk areas and specifically help coastal communities to avoid expansion of settlements into flood-prone areas.
Challenges and lessons learned (selected)
In small countries with limited human resources available in government services, the need for technical assistance or other forms of capacity strengthening should be examined with the partner government as early as possible in the project cycle. Indeed, capacity issues to deal with EU procedures and regulations both in the Vanuatu Meteorological and Geohazards Department (VMGD) and with the National Authorizing Officer of the European Development Fund are at the basis of the low rate of budget absorption.
Coordination of Donor support is also crucial in such a context, notably where capacity development is supported by different international organisations.
The associated Increase Resilience to Climate Change and Natural Hazards IRCCNH project ensures that both the natural and/or human environment is safeguarded from the dangers of proposed works related to the implementation of micro projects. A checklist is used to screen the micro-project site, the environment, the land acquisition and access to resources, potential pesticides and agricultural chemicals, dam safety and voluntary land donation certifications. The form is signed off by local authorities concerned to allow for the micro-project implementations to proceed. In cases where there is a serious risk related to land or environmental safety – an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) is developed and managed into the future.
Way forward (selected)
Following TC Pam in March 2015, the GoV called on the IRCCNH project to support emergency response and recovery activities in light of the major damages caused. The PMU and line ministries produced a Post Cyclone Pam Action Plan, which set out agreed actions in three areas: (i) emergency actions; (ii) post-Pam institutional strengthening; and (iii) early recovery operations. The emergency actions have been completed, including procurement of agricultural tools to assist affected farmers to regrow their gardens and sawmills to mill trees felled by TC Pam for rebuilding of houses. Damage assessments for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) were conducted on Tanna. Repairs to the VMGD monitoring network have started with the first phase of urgent repairs completed. In addition, the PMU began preparations for repairs (‘quick fixing’) of water assets damaged by TC Pam.