Weather monitoring is made reliable in all 13 districts; climate effects on agricultural production and the environment are better known; the results of regular agro-meteorological analysis are made accessible to the rural producers; and the consequent findings support the definition of evidence-based national policies.
To achieve this, the capacity of the agriculture and land use geographic information system to collect, monitor and disseminate climate data will be improved. The project will enable 19 existing weather stations to be fully functional and improve national capacity to monitor and map climate events. Training will be provided in mapping, data interpretation from an agro-ecological perspective and land use management through adapted courses in regional universities.
Information will also be shared and collected on existing agricultural and conservation practices that improve communities’ adaptation and preparedness to the effects of climate change. Support will be provided to the sharing of information between stakeholders, notably by using the existing food security technical group, by organising regular technical meetings, by setting up knowledge management and sharing mechanisms including a data repository available to all actors. The needs of civil society organisations and universities will be taken into account.
Findings and results will be used to support the updating of national policies and plans related to climate change and its consequences, notably on the incidence of poverty. Evidence will be gathered to update the identification of needs in the most climate-vulnerable areas. Recommendations will be made in line with watershed management principles, including land tenure, forest management, and the use of traditional organisational systems. The updating of national policies and plans will be supported by issuing bi-yearly recommendation reports to decision and policy makers. Support will also be provided for reporting on the implementation of the climate change convention and for organising events to disseminate results, promote lessons learned and help determine policy alternatives on climate change adaptation.
Rural communities are able to identify adapted responses to climate challenges; these responses are incorporated into suco (village) development plans in at least 50% of sub-districts identified as vulnerable to climate change risks, in a socially inclusive way.
Community awareness on forestry and agroforestry activities will be developed, using forestry as a response to land degradation. Community awareness programmes will focus on making farmers more responsive to environmental degradation and conscious of the advantages of reforestation. The activity will be undertaken with the close involvement of the National Directorate for Forestry (NDF), as building community awareness is one of its priorities.
Communities will be supported in assessing the best climate-adapted options at local level and integrating them into existing planning processes. The project will support communities in drafting local soil and water conservation plans. For this purpose, environmental profiles of the five major watersheds will first be prepared, using participatory processes for assessing climate change effects on communities. Specific attention will be paid to degraded areas, the protection of water catchment areas and the potential for soil and water conservation techniques. The identification of conflict mitigating measures will be an integral part of the process.
The resulting soil and water conservation plans will be integrated into suco and district development plans.
The resilience of rural communities living in at least 50% of sub-districts identified as vulnerable to climate change risks is enhanced through the restoration of their environment, the implementation of sustainable livelihood development activities, and improved social dialogue.
Rural communities, particularly women, will get support to implement agricultural and soil/water conservation practices that are nutrition-sensitive. Extension services will be provided and activities implemented with a priority given to medium- to long-term conservation activities such as terracing and water harvesting.
Field activities will also be undertaken, mainly with the NDF, to promote forestry production (e.g. for enhancing the production capacity of national and community nurseries, improving planting success rates) and agroforestry (e.g. intercropping, forest gardening for non-timber forest products) in line with watershed management principles. This will support the achievement of national reforestation objectives as well as adaptation objectives, through the development of more climate-resilient and diversified activities.
Education and awareness-raising activities will be implemented on climate change consequences and preparing for adaptation. They will foster dialogue and social inclusion, with the aim of taking into account social and natural risks and achieving effective watershed management. Exchange visits with demonstration sites promoting sustainable agriculture and/or forest management, as well as on-site training on demonstration plots and farms, will be organised.
Capacity building for the NDF will be achieved through 'learning by doing' and daily involvement of NDF staff in project activities at all levels. Support will be provided for the implementation of the national forestry management plan, and for improving monitoring and production management capacities notably through the national nurseries.