At a glance

Duration
to
Status
Active programmes
Region
Africa
Country
Seychelles
Partners
National Climate Change Committee (NCCC), Min. of Home Affairs, Environment, Transport & Energy (MHETE), Seychelles Energy Commission (SEC)
Countries involved
1
Total budget
2,00 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)
Effects of climate change on the region

The likely impacts of climate change on Seychelles include increased flooding and erosion from sea level rise, and increased tropical storm and cyclone intensity. Rising sea surface temperature and changes in ocean chemistry threaten to damage to coral reef systems, which are a natural protective barrier for the coastal plateaux (where 90% of the population lives), a major tourist attraction, and an essential foundation for the islands fisheries and the conservation of biodiversity. The economy and population are also expected to be impacted by water shortages resulting from dryer south-east monsoons, and a higher risk of climate-sensitive diseases during wetter north-west monsoons.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
2,000,000.00 €
Specific objectives

Support sustainable development policies and the implementation of the priority areas of the Seychelles National Climate Change Strategy (SNCCS), aimed at ‘minimising the impacts of climate change through concerted and proactive action at all levels of society’, in a coordinated effort with other donors.

SNCCS priorities include increasing national knowledge of climate change impacts and risks, and putting in place measures to adapt to those risks and impacts. Climate change considerations are to be mainstreamed into national policies, strategies and plans. The strategy also aims to achieve sustainable energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

More specifically in the energy sector, the GCCA programme is supporting the creation of an institutional and legal framework promoting renewable energies, energy efficiency, innovation and access to technology transfer. Opportunities for participation in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and other carbon finance mechanisms will also be enhanced.

Key achievements
  • The national climate change strategy was adopted in December 2009, and is being implemented with steering and monitoring from the National Climate Change Committee.

  • The national energy policy was adopted in September 2010, and the Seychelles Energy Act enacted in December 2012.

  • The National Sustainable Development Strategy was adopted in December 2011, with climate change as a major chapter.

Following satisfactory assessments of the programme’s progress, the first and second tranche of budget support were disbursed in full in December 2010 and July 2012.

Main activities per result

Climate change is effectively mainstreamed into national development policies and key sector strategies and action plans. A solid institutional and legal framework is created in the energy sector, integrating the Clean Development Mechanism and enabling investment in renewable energies and improved energy efficiency.

Programme activities are focused on achieving the main targets set in the budget support convention:

  • For 2010, the SNCCS is in place and the Seychelles Energy Policy is formulated.

  • For 2011, the SNCCS is implemented, climate change is mainstreamed into at least three key sectors of the Seychelles Sustainable Development Strategy (SSDS) 2011-20, and the Seychelles Energy Bill is formulated, allowing for CDM projects.

  • For 2012, climate change is mainstreamed into all key sectors of the SSDS 2011-20. In addition, the Town and Country Planning Act (TCPA) and Environment Protection Act (EPA) are revised in coherence with the SNCCS, and the Seychelles Energy Act is in force.

Challenges and lessons learned (selected)
  • Budget support has been an efficient instrument for boosting government reform agendas on energy and integration of climate change into sustainable development, also in enhancing programme ownership. Success is also due to strong political support, which is a key factor.

  • Targeted high-level institutional technical assistance and capacity building would have been useful due to the country's complex institutional framework, lack of coordination, limited staff and management capacity. Providing such assistance was not possible with 100% budget support financing.

  • Budget support has provided financial means to government to implement a number of national climate change-related actions – but has limited the possibility of involving NGOs. Ways of enhancing NGO participation while using the budget support modality should be investigated.

Way forward (selected)
  • The enactment of the Energy Act at the end of 2012 was the first major achievement of the project.  

  • The steering and monitoring mechanism for implementing the SSDS 2011-2020 is gradually being put in place and made fully operational.

  • The revision of two national pieces of legislation that are key to sustainable development and climate change, namely the Town and Country Planning Act and Environment Protection Act, is well advanced but experienced delays due to the critical scope of these acts and the need to replace the TCPA by a comprehensive new Physical Planning Act.

  • Further support should focus on capacity building, notably for i°) harmonisation for the steering and monitoring mechanisms of the SNCCS and the SSDS, including assistance for a structured donor coordination mechanism; ii°)the Seychelles Energy Commission (SEC), in view of its expected substantial restructuring following the enactment of the Energy Act.