At a glance
The project falls under priority two "Increasing resilience to climate-related stresses and shocks" of the Global Climate Change Alliance Plus (GCCA+) flagship programme which is part of the EU Global Public Goods and Challenges (GPGC) programme. The project is also fully aligned with the Valletta Action Plan priority domain No. 1 "Development benefits of migration and addressing root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement" and is consistent with objective two of the EU Trust Fund namely "Strengthening resilience of most vulnerable communities". The project is also in line with the Short Term Strategy 2016/17 for the implementation of a special support measure in favour of the people of the Republic of Sudan to be financed from the reserve of the European Development Fund, which has a geographical focus on the peripheral areas and where "climate change and mismanagement of natural resources, leading to land degradation and reduced soil fertility" was identified as one of the causes to be addressed for livelihoods and food security interventions. This intervention will moreover contribute addressing forced migration, as it tackles one of its root causes, namely environmental degradation.
The project is also in line with the African Union "Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative". Moreover, the proposed project fits into the national initiatives such as the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) for Sudan (2007) and the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs - 2015). Finally, the proposed project is in line with the vision underlying the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and in particular with Goal 13 "Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts" and Goal 15 "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss" of the abovementioned Agenda.
The geographical scope of the project focuses on rural communities and remote areas characterised by high rate of environmental degradation (including desertification, land degradation and drought) coupled with low human development, economic and social indicators. In particular, the intervention area will include North Darfur, Kassala, River Nile and Northern States where rising temperatures, decreasing rainfall, fluctuations in the River Nile, and increased wind speeds have resulted in the occurrence of extreme weather events and conditions which have affected agriculture, livestock, forestry and ecosystems. In particular, the main adverse effects have included lower crop yields, reduced livestock production, increased river bank erosion and land degradation.
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the strengthening of local communities' resilience and sustainable livelihoods' to better respond to and cope with climate change
Local communities in rural and remote areas are increasingly exposed to the adverse short and long-term impacts of climate change. For instance, short-term climate change-related shocks concern the sudden disruption of production pattern and lifestyles. However, climate change-related shocks can have longer term consequences by increasing the vulnerability of individuals/households (loss of already limited assets following the shock), exacerbating existing social and economic inequalities concerning for example the lack of, limited access as well as control over resources and fostering natural resources-related conflicts between different community or groups. Therefore, it is important to strengthen local community resilience and to promote diversified and sustainable livelihoods.
The specific objective is to contribute to preventing, combating and reversing desertification through the sustainable management of natural resources
Desertification affects a wide range of services provided by ecosystems to humans, including food production, water supply, agricultural production etc. Desertification affects significantly the most vulnerable individuals and communities who depend on already scarce natural resources and fragile ecosystems. The combination of high variability in ecosystem conditions and high levels of poverty leads to increasing local communities' vulnerability to a further decline in human well-being. Effective prevention and reverse of desertification require both the adoption of sustainable practices at the community level as well as policy approaches that promote sustainability of ecosystem services and deal with climate change. When addressing desertification it is important to focus both on preventive action as well as on reactive intervention since rehabilitation alone can be costly and ineffective. Preventing and combating desertification require the active engagement of different stakeholders at the national and local level, including a change in governments’ and peoples’ attitudes. For instance, it is important to ensure that local authorities have the technical and financial capacities to address climate change and to adopt sustainable natural resources management systems. At the same time, it is fundamental to engage local communities since they are the prime users of natural resources and land.