At a glance

Duration
to
Status
Active programmes
Region
Africa
Country
Comoros
Partners
Ministry of Production, Environment, Energy, Industry and Handicrafts, Vice-Presidency in charge of the Ministry of Finance, Budget, Economy, Investment and External Trade
Countries involved
1
Total budget
3,00 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)
Effects of climate change on the region

The Comoros are notably vulnerable to climate change in the water, agriculture, health and infrastructure sectors. The identified impacts of climate change in the Comoros could include a decrease in agricultural production and the productivity of fisheries; the salinisation of coastal aquifers; a rising sea level and the destruction of infrastructure by floods; the paralysis of economic activities, the displacement of vulnerable populations and the loss of arable land; the vanishing of reefs and beaches; increased incidence of malaria and other vector-borne diseases; and generally an increase in risks associated with natural disasters (cyclones, heavy rainfall, etc.).

Considering the scarcity of resources and the priority given to investment in climate-sensitive sectors (energy, water, infrastructure, …)  in the strategy for poverty reduction and growth of the Union of Comoros - and also in the strategy of accelerated growth and sustainable development (SCADD) for the period 2015-2019 - it is particularly important to integrate environmental and climate change aspects in the sector strategies, in the planning processes and monitoring systems.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
3,000,000.00 €
Specific objectives

Improve consideration of climate change by national and local actors in strategies, projects as well as planning, coordination and monitoring mechanisms.

These objectives shall be achieved through:

  • the establishment of mechanisms and tools for data management, capitalization and dissemination of information on climate change;

  • strengthening the capacity of key stakeholders;

  • supporting the integration of climate change into develoment strategies, at national and local level; and implementing local pilot actions to improve resilience and the living conditions of vulnerable populations.

Key achievements
  • Support to the Government in the framework of participation in COP 21 and 22;

  • The updating of the basic map data of the islands of Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli (first basic DC maps) was initiated;

  • Collecting existing data and background information on climate change;

  • Mapping coastal ecosystems and geomorphological structures;

  • Mapping risks related to climate change on the basis of phenomena: increased temperatures, changes in predictions, changes in the regime of vents, sea level rise, changes in climatic oscillations;

  • Preparation of guidelines for a call for proposals for pilot projects for improved resilience and Climate Change Adaptation.

Main activities per result

Mechanisms and tools for data management, consolidation and dissemination in relation to climate change are operational and shared by the main actors.

Basic cartographic data will be updated through the acquisition and processing of satellite images and aerial photos and the preparation of base maps and ortho-photo maps. A national geographical information system will be developed to enable the sharing of geographical information in relation to climate change. The project will also support the consolidation and sharing of climate-related experiences and data, notably through the production of guidelines on good practices and locally appropriate approaches and techniques.

The capacities of key climate change stakeholders are strengthened, and climate change mainstreaming is improved in government strategies and in national development planning, coordination and monitoring processes.

This component includes information and awareness raising activities on climate change and adaptation strategies; capacity building in relation to climate change mainstreaming and the response to climate change; the strengthening of mechanisms for mainstreaming climate change in the transport sector and in relation to the prevention and management of natural and climate-related risks; and support for cross-sectoral planning and coordination in relation to climate change.

Climate change resilience and the living conditions of vulnerable populations are improved through the implementation of pilot local actions.

Support will be given to decentralised actors for the integration of environmental and climate-related vulnerabilities in existing local development plans, and for the formulation of plans and specific actions with regard to climate change, environmental protection and risk management. Local pilot projects aimed at improving people’s resilience to climate change and their living conditions will also be implemented. These projects, to be selected via a call for proposals, will have a focus on adaptation and (subject to confirmation) should be related to water and sanitation, agriculture and fisheries, terrestrial and marine natural resource management, risk prevention and management.

Way forward

Project activities will start in the course of 2014.

Way forward (selected)
  • Acquisition of climate data and development of geographic information sharing tools

  • Continuation of intersectoral collaboration on the integration of climate change into national strategies.

  • Launch of pilot actions in 2017