At a glance

Active programmes
Papua New Guinea
PNG Forest Authority, Office of Climate Change and Development, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
Countries involved
Total budget
7,80 M€
GCCA priority area(s)
Effects of climate change on the region

Papua New Guinea has one of the most significant areas of largely-intact tropical forest in the world. Approximately 60% of the total area of the country is covered by natural forests, but according to estimates made in 2002, the combined annual rate of deforestation and forest degradation is 1.41%. The Forest Authority is the main national institution concerned with the implementation of Papua New Guinea's climate change mitigation and adaptation policies in the forestry sector. A REDD and climate change branch has been created, and national and international expectations are evolving from sustainable forest harvesting towards 'multi-functional sustainable management' integrating climate change, biodiversity and non-timber forest production functions.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
7,800,000.00 €
Specific objectives

Support the Papua New Guinea Forest Authority to implement a continuous and multi-purpose national forest inventory as part of the national forest monitoring system. 

The forest inventory will be the basis for planning activities in the forestry sector and in particular those related to sustainable forest management. The national forest inventory will be a key element of the national forest monitoring system that Papua New Guinea has to establish to participate in the UNFCCC REDD+ initiative. It will be developed through a step-wise approach to meet the reporting requirements of the REDD+ phased approach, with the aim of making it one of the main data sources for the PNG national greenhouse gas inventory and providing a foundation for the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) requirements for the REDD+ mechanism, as well as a baseline for the five pilot REDD projects currently under preparation.

Key achievements
  • The PNG national Forest Monitoring Web Portal is available online. 
  • Workshop on the Forest Law Enforcement Governance & Trade (FLEGT) process.
  • Trainings on biodiversity management, tree identification, soil management, have been also delivered.
  • A video was produced on the National Forest Inventory.
Main activities per result

The capacity of the PNG Forest Authority and the University of Technology-Department of Forestry to undertake a continuous and multi-purpose forest inventory is improved.

The aim of this component is to provide both current and future staff of the PNG Forest Authority and other stakeholders with the technical capability to carry out a multi-purpose forest inventory on a regular basis. Planned activities notably include the design and delivery of field and technical training, the development of training modules for students at the University of Technology, and the development of field procedures for conducting the national forest inventory. NGOs involved in sustainable forest management and forest industry staff will also be involved in the training programme in order to extend knowledge at the local level and enhance dialogue between stakeholders.

The first multi-purpose national forest inventory of Papua New Guinea is completed.

Field data collection will be combined with the use of a satellite land monitoring system. Once a methodology has been developed and the necessary systems are in place, inventory operations will be conducted on the basis of semi-annual data collection work plans. Data will be assessed for quality, then analysed and processed, providing a basis for the formulation of recommendations to stakeholders. An on-line forest inventory database will be developed. The project will finance internships for students at the University of Technology to support implementation of the forest inventory.

Studies are undertaken on forest and tree characterisation.

Specific studies will be necessary to support the multi-purpose national forest inventory. Indeed, although biodiversity in Papua New Guinea is invaluable, available scientific data are still limited. For instance, the wood density is known only for about 50 tree species whereas hundreds of tree species grow in the country's forests. New botanical and faunal species are discovered almost every year. The assessment of the PNG forest resources needs to be carried out together with an assessment of the indigenous knowledge and use of the forest land, as these two elements will be crucial to define policies for sustainable forest management.

Studies on allometric equations, wood density, biodiversity, indigenous knowledge and use of forest land, etc. will be undertaken with project support. This component is also expected to include the organisation of technical and scientific workshops involving PNG researchers, and lead to the publication of study reports and scientific papers. The project will finance internships for students at the University of Technology to support studies on forest and tree characterisation.

Policy dialogue on forestry is enhanced in the frame of the Forest Law Enforcement Governance & Trade (FLEGT) process.

A policy dialogue on forestry matters will be established through the setting-up of a high-level platform on forest governance and climate change involving the government of PNG, the EU Delegation and the FAO. This dialogue will focus on (but not be limited to) climate change, capacity building, forest inventory methods, forest governance, etc. and will aim to improve forest policies and legislation through stakeholder consultations and where necessary consultancy services. Recommendations to stakeholders based on the lessons learned from the implementation of the three first components will also feed the policy dialogue.