Climate change does not respect country boundaries. It affects virtually every corner of the globe regardless of a country’s greenhouse gas emissions, or its capacity to deal with the effects of climate change.
Often neighbouring countries that share a common geography such as a river basin face similar climate change challenges. This is the case in the Lower Mekong Basin, for example, and in regions such as the Pacific and the Caribbean, where a number of small island states face similar climate change issues but are ill equipped to deal with them because of their size or the fragility of their economies.
Many partner countries supported by the GCCA also belong to regional organisations that already have programmes in place to tackle climate change in their member countries.
Building partnerships and ensuring complementarity underpin the work of the GCCA, and for these reasons the GCCA currently supports 8 regional programmes to complement its existing 30 country interventions. For regional programmes, the emphasis is generally on capacity building, applied research and technical assistance, and promoting the exchange of experience between countries.
GCCA-supported programmes on the African continent are delivered through a number of existing organisations that seek common development objectives for their member countries. These include the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). In West Africa, the partner organisations are ECOWAS, the Economic Community of West African States, and CILSS, the ‘Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel’. The GCCA is also working with the African Union on continent-wide initiatives.
In the Pacific, the GCCA is working with the University of the South Pacific, the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) across various Pacific states. In the Caribbean, the GCCA is supporting the 17 member countries of the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM) through the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), and will soon launch a programme in partnership with the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS); whilst in south-east Asia, the GCCA is supporting the Mekong River Commission’s (MRC) Climate Change and Adaptation Initiative (CCAI).