Alliance Mauritanienne contre le Changement Climatique (phase 2)

At a glance

2019-01-01 to 2023-01-01
Active programmes
Total budget
8,88 M€
GCCA priority area(s)

62% of the population lives from rural activities (76% of the poorest). However, Mauritania's agricultural potential is limited. Its vast surface area is 76% Saharan desert, with the remaining one-quarter belonging to the Sahelian domain, half of which is divided on one side by the Saharan-Sahelian zone, an extensive livestock zone, and on the other by the Sahelian zone, which is also the country's main agro-pastoral zone. Agricultural potential is unevenly distributed across the country: the four southern wilayas (Trarza, Brakna, Gorgol and Guidimakha) account for 59 percent of the cultivable area and almost all of the irrigable potential over 12 percent of the national territory. These four wilayas, as well as Assaba, are among those with the highest incidence of poverty at the national level, all of them above 50%.

Because of the concentration of agricultural and pastoral activities, these same wilayas are also the most sensitive to the degradation and impact of climate change. Approximately 44% of the agricultural potential (220,000 ha in the Diéri, Bas-fonds and Walo) is highly dependent on rainfall, which is irregular and poorly distributed. National production remains largely insufficient and the country has to import nearly 70% of its food needs (63% for cereal needs). The country is only self-sufficient in red meat production. The sylvo-pastoral potential is important (1,380,000 hectares, or 13% of the national territory), but also largely handicapped by pastoral overloads and deficiencies in pastoral hydraulics. Livestock farming remains a fundamental pillar of food security in Mauritania, giving rise to a form of precautionary savings, also as a form of currency, and ensuring a significant nutritional intake, particularly through milk products (staple food for the population both among pastoralists and farmers).

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
7,500,000.00 €

Specific objective
  • OS1: Strengthen the institutional mechanism in charge of monitoring and coordinating climate change issues,
  • OS2: Adoption of good practices for the adaptation and sustainable management of agro-sylvo-pastoral systems in the Saharo-Sahelian band


The main outcome of the program is a better understanding of the challenges of climate change in Mauritania, their inclusion in development strategies and at the sectoral level, and the strengthening of institutional, technical and organisational capacities in the environment, agriculture, livestock, hydraulics, green economy and renewable energy sectors. This is achieved in particular through the implementation of concrete actions in the field aimed at improving resilience at the local level to the consequences of climate change.


The second phase of the GCCA+ Program in Mauritania aims at strengthening existing processes for planning, coordination of climate action at the intersectoral level, and monitoring-evaluation both within institutions and of climate action at the national level. This is achieved through prioritisation of capacity building support, supported by vulnerability analyses but also identifying opportunities for action, and knowledge management and communication activities.

This leads to a better knowledge and ownership of climate issues, enabling the construction of sectoral dialogue and inter-institutional coordination, promoting the integration of environment and climate into development processes at the regional and national levels (particularly at the planning level).

The aim is to strengthen the credibility of climate action at the local level, through continued support for decentralized advisory services to agricultural producers, the use of inclusive local planning systems, and the improvement of the sustainability of local initiatives. Actions are focused on the communities supported at the level of SO 2.

The project also supports local initiatives contributing to a climate-smart management of the agro-sylvo-pastoral potential in the Saharo-Sahelian band. Adaptation and vulnerability reduction actions are selected on the basis of a call for proposals, then developed and implemented in this area particularly vulnerable to climate change.