The Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF)

At a glance

Duration
2013-01-12 to 2017-01-11
Status
Completed programmes
Region
Asia
Country
Bangladesh
Partners
Ministry of Environment and Forests, World Bank
Total budget
12,25 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)

Bangladesh is one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the world, and is expected to become even more so as a result of climate change. Climate change and variability have already had an impact on the lives and livelihoods of people living in the coastal, arid and semi-arid regions of Bangladesh.

Floods, tropical cyclones, storm surges and droughts are increasingly frequent and will be more severe in the coming years and decades. These changes threaten the considerable progress made by Bangladesh over the past 20 years in raising incomes, reducing poverty and achieving self-sufficiency in the production of rice, the country's staple food crop.

Countries

The effects of climate change will also make it more difficult for Bangladesh to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. It is essential that the country prepare now to adapt to climate change and safeguard the future well-being of its people.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
4,250,000.00 €

Overall objective

Protect and improve the lives of 10 million climate-vulnerable people in Bangladesh by 2017 through climate change adaptation, mitigation and disaster risk reduction measures.


Specific objective

Supporting the Government of Bangladesh in the implementation of the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan

Achievements to date
  • The governance structures of the Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF) are established and operational. The BCCRF secretariat has been set up with the Ministry of Environment and Forests. A project management advisor and financial management specialist have been recruited, and the technical advisor position is being reviewed.
  • As of December 2015, the construction of 61 new cyclone shelters under the Multipurpose Cyclone Shelter Construction Project (USD 25m), which is implemented by the Local Government Engineering Department, was complete. The construction of 3 roads totaling 11.5 kilometers in Barguna District is also complete.
  • A grant agreement was signed in February 2013 for the Climate Resilient Participatory Afforestation and Reforestation Project (USD 33.8m), to be implemented by the Forest Department. This project will help reduce forest degradation and increase forest coverage through participatory planning and monitoring, and will contribute to building the long-term resilience to climate change of selected communities in coastal and hilly areas. In hilly areas, nursery production of seedlings will commence as mature seeds become available and allow planting during the monsoon season. The selection criteria of 200 forest communities and training programs for participants from community based organizations has also been agreed upon by the implementing agencies and two NGOs have been selected for conducting research on alternate livelihoods to support forest communities. 
The Project Implementation Manual has been finalized and is categorized in three volumes. Volume 1 provides General Guidelines, Volume 2 provides Nursery and Plantation Guidelines and Volume 3 provides Technical Guidelines for Alternative Livelihood Support to Forest Communities. As of October 2015 13,139 hectares of block plantations and 1,505 kms of strip plantations had been completed.  Seedling survival averaged 90% and health and growth of plantations has been satisfactory.
  • The Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF), a government-owned financing body, has been entrusted with the management of the Community Climate Change Programme (CCCP, USD 13m), which will provide grants to NGO-driven projects. Project selection processes after Calls for Proposals resulted in the funding of 41 proposals, for a total of USD 12,98 million. Among these 41 sub-projects, fourteen sub-projects target salinity-prone areas, eighteen sub-projects target flood-prone areas, and nine sub-projects target drought-prone areas. Further details on these proposals are available on the CCCP Website.
  • The “Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development Project II” is a solar irrigation project that is also supported by the BCCRF, using solar irrigation pumps for farmers. Agreements were signed since September 2013 and amounted up to a total of USD 24.5m. This project is to be implemented by Infrastructure Development Company Ltd (IDCOL), a public sector company set up to bridge the financing gap for developing medium and large-scale infrastructure and renewable energy projects in Bangladesh. BCCRF is also contributing USD 10 million towards solar irrigation pumps through RERED II. A total of about 300 solar irrigation pumps are expected to be financed from BCCRF, which will benefit about 7500 to 9000 farmers.
  • The programme’s research window was launched in the first quarter of 2012, covering three initial topics: the impact of climate change on the spread of vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever; the potential impact of adaptation options related to waterlogging in urban areas; and the assessment of the threat of climate-induced migration from vulnerable areas.
  • A Results Framework has been developed for 2012-2017, in order to monitor and measure the objectives of the BCCRF. It contains (i) a Results Roadmap (ii) the BCCRF Reporting Framework & (iii) a Results Measurement Guide.
  • Further details on these and upcoming projects can be found on the BCCRF website.
Challenges and lessons learned
  • Apart from the approved investment projects, the BCCRF has also focused on the fourth pillar of Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP) on Research and Knowledge Management. A wealth of information and research has already been undertaken and the team has identified some knowledge gaps. On this basis, the following areas have been identified and approved by the Management Committee for further Analytical Work:
  1. Climate Change, Vector-Born Diseases and Implications for the Health Sector
  2. Vulnerability, Adaptation, potential Costs of Urban Flooding in Greater Dhaka Area
  3. Coastal zone in a changing climate: Ingress of salinity frontier
  4. Scaling up Innovation in Disaster Risk Management in Bangladesh A Proposal to Support Human and Financial Resilience to Natural Hazards
  5. Eco-Engineering, Adaptation and Innovations in Flood Risk Mitigation
  6. Making Climate Data Relevant to Decision Making in Bangladesh: Spatial and Temporal Downscaling
Way forward

The programme ended in 2017. The Emergency 2007 Cyclone Recovery and Restoration Project (ECRRP) completed construction of 61 new multipurpose disaster shelters and the construction of 11.5 kilometers of roads meeting all its targets within the allocated budget.

The Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development Project II (RERED II), Solar Irrigation Project installed 489 pumps covering 35,062 acres of land and serving 11,453 farmers by the end of 2016 meeting its targets in full.

Under the Climate Resilient Participatory Afforestation and Reforestation Project (CRPARP) over 17,500 hectares of land were restored or reafforested, over 2,000 kms of strip plantations were and support was provided to over 60,000 direct project beneficiaries.  Project implementation and achievement of development objectives are judged to have been Highly Satisfactory, an impressive achievement for an innovative climate change initiative.

The individual Investment Projects financed by the Fund have generally achieved or exceeded their own specific objectives and these achievements and the five AAA activities have helped in progress towards achieving BCCSAP objectives.  However it had been hoped that the Fund would move from a World Bank supported programme to a Resilience Fund owned and fully managed by the GoB.  A Secretariat was created by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and this Secretariat was expected to propose capacity building of an institution (either within or outside the government) that would subsequently be responsible for the administration of the BCCRF.

“It is widely accepted that the gravest effect of climate change may be on human migration. Last year, 42 million people were newly displaced by rapid-onset natural disasters. Extreme weather events are already displacing many more people than violent conflict. Slow-onset events like sea-level rise and desertification get even lower global focus. We must work towards correcting this imbalance.” 

“Climate change is no longer only an environmental issue; it is a development issue. We have invested billions in adaptation measures such as flood management schemes, coastal embankments, cyclone shelters and others. However, the journey is far from being over.”

Dr Hasan Mahmud, Minister for Environment and Forests, at the launching ceremony of the World Bank report on ‘The cost of adapting to extreme weather events in a changing climate’ in March 2012 (source: World Bank)