A Renewable Natural Resources – Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan is endorsed and mainstreamed into the 11th Five Year Plan (2013-2018), leading to the implementation of concrete actions in the agricultural sector. An institutional framework allowing a multi-sectoral approach to climate change adaptation, in which the RNR adaptation plan is embedded into a wider multi-sectoral climate change adaptation strategy, is also established.
Activities required to achieve the expected results and objectives cover among others a thorough and consultative planning exercise; a realistic budgeting exercise for all planned climate change adaptation actions; the assessment and determination of the responsibility of each stakeholder; and the establishment of a formal coordination mechanism for the planning and implementation of adaptation measures, with leadership provided by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests.
Specific attention is being given to conditions set for the release of variable tranches of budget support. For the first year of the programme, conditions relate to the ‘climate change adaptation readiness’ of the RNR sector’s monitoring and evaluation system, and the improvement of the RNR statistical systems to allow for reliable collection of climate-related data. Five additional indicators have been defined in 2014 and relating to water efficient irrigation systems for horticulture cash crops, households adopting stall feeding lots, National Forest Inventory, conservation and use of indigenous animal breeds and crop varieties for agro-biodiversity, climate change adaptation policy.
The other expected outcome focuses on mitigating climate change in the RNR sector by reducing methane production and introducing methane capture and re-use for fuel. Indicators relate to the introduction of climate change resilient and less methane-emitting rice varieties, the adoption of high-yielding livestock breeds and pasture development, and the use of methane as a fuel through the adoption of integrated livestock-biogas initiatives.