At a glance
Leadership by the climate change-mandated Ministry of Agriculture and Forests in the RNR sector, which is the lead-Ministry for this programme, and the Ministry's cooperation efforts with all concerned parties will be crucial in reaching the results and objectives. The Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan for the RNR sector shall clearly be linked to the sector objectives.
Required activities to achieve the expected results and objectives cover among others a thorough and consultative planning exercise, a realistic costing and budgeting exercise for all planned CCA actions, an assessment and determination of the responsibility of each stakeholder and the establishment of a formal coordination mechanism for the planning and implementation of climate change adaptation measures.
Climate Change Context
Bhutanâ€™s development is highly dependent on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, hydropower, and forestry. People's livelihoods and rural economies are being negatively impacted by changing rain patterns (more heavy rains and longer dry periods) and increasing temperatures. One of the most significant impacts of climate change in Bhutan is the formation of supra-glacial lakes due to the accelerated retreat of glaciers with increasing temperatures. The risk of potential disasters inflicted by Glacial Lakes Outburst Floods (GLOFs), which pose new threats to lives, livelihoods and development, is mounting as the water levels in several glacier lakes approach critical geostatic thresholds.
Although current disaster management policies, risk reduction, and preparedness plans in Bhutan are able to address recurrent natural hazards in the country, they are not yet prepared to deal with the new GLOF threat.
Bhutanâ€™s entire northern region has glacier/snow-fed lakes near its mountaintops. With a majority of Bhutanâ€™s population and infrastructure development concentrated in large river valleys, climate-induced GLOFs could cause significant human and economic devastation. Rising mean temperatures, attributed to climate change, are the main cause of glacial retreat and are correlated with faster rates of glacier melt. The result is that glaciers in Bhutan are receding at a rate of almost 30-60 meters per decade. The melting ice from these receding glaciers is increasing the volume of water in glacial lakes, and the melting of ice-cored dams is destabilizing them, pushing the hazard risk for GLOFs to critical levels.
Source: UNDP ALM Country Profile http://www.adaptationlearning.net/bhutan/profile (Accessed 14/08/2014)