GCCA's action programme
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
Enhance adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change in national policies, including the water sector.
- Improve the resilience to climate change by means of interventions in the water sector which are consistent with other ongoing initiatives.
- Enhance the institutional capacities of the Government of Belize in relation to climate change. One of the aims is to provide support for the establishment of a permanent climate change office within the Ministry of Natural Resources that will provide economic, social and environmental expertise.
1. The resilience of the water sector to potential climate change impacts is increased.
Planned activities includes provision of support for the institutionalization of the National Integrated Water Resources Authority (NIWRA) within the Ministry of Natural resources and the Environment (MNRE). To this effect: (i) Technical assistance is provided to the newly established NIWRA, in support of institutional development and financial sustainability. (ii) By-laws and regulations necessary for enabling action by the NIWRA are elaborated and enforced, in line with the new policy and strategy. (iii) National water resources vulnerability profiles and associated water safety plans are prepared. (iv) A water resource assessment is conducted to inform a master plan for integrated water management.
The implementation of a pilot project entitled "Climate change and food security: building resilience among cattle producers of the Belize District" is planned. Another project looked at ways of guaranteeing a sustainable supply of water and dealing with poor water quality. Adaptation to floods is improved by the introduction of appropriate watershed management measures. Lastly, for the mitigation of the negative effects of soil erosion, land use management and replanting of damaged forests in strategic locations are considered.
2. Government's capacities to plan for and to coordinate a national response to the threats of climate change are enhanced.
Support is provided for the installation of a climate change office within the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. Existing national climate change actors, roles and capacities are mapped. An organisational framework supporting national climate change governance is developed and proposed for national endorsement.
A campaign is implemented to support decision makers at different levels in improving their knowledge and skills in relation to climate change adaptation and mitigation. In the field of climate change education, training and public awareness, public officers and civil society representatives are given opportunities for training/capacity development.
The development of a comprehensive national climate change policy is supported.
Belize's transition toward a low-carbon development pathway is facilitated, primarily through the provision of training sessions and workshops in relation to the use of a low-carbon growth modelling framework for planning purposes.
Achievements to date
Achievements related to Component 1:
- The Water Advisory Council was established within the Ministry of Natural Resources and Agriculture (MNRA).
- A technical report titled "Institutional and Context Analysis on Water Governance in Belize" was produced.
- The National Integrated Water Resources Management Authority (NIWRMA) was established, its organisational and operational charter was developed, as well as its decree on mandate, role and functions. Also, a capacity development strategy for the NIWRMA was developed.
- A ground water assessment, vulnerability profile and safety plan was developed for the Savannah Province, by GEOMEDIA.
- With the support of national authorities and NGOs, five pilot projects have been launched:
- Building Resilient Communities â€“ Preparing Communities to Effectively Mitigate the Impact of Hazards Associated with their Changing Climate (National Emergency Management Organization - NEMO).
- Social Partnership in Adaptation as a Means of Securing Community Wellbeing (Southern Environmental Association).
- Climate Change and Food Security - Building Resilience among Cattle Producers of Belize District (Ministry of Natural Resources and Agriculture).
- Accelerating Potable Water Coverage - Piloting Innovative Solutions in Securing Local Water Supply Sources (Ministry of Labour, Local Government and Rural Development & NEMO).
- Applied Forest Management - Building Capacities for the Restoration of Watersheds Impacted by Natural Disasters (Ministry of Forestry, Fisheries and Sustainable Development).
Achievements related to Component 2:
Challenges and lessons learned
- A National Climate Change Office (NCCO) has been set up and operationalised under the Ministry of Forestry, Fisheries and Sustainable Development (MFFSD).
- A National CC Adaptation Policy, Strategy and Action Plan (NCCPSAP) was developed.
- A National Vulnerability Profile was developed.
- 15 scholarships were granted to public servants and civil society staff for training in Climate Change mainstreaming in their respective sectors.
- More than100 public servants were trained in climate change mitigation, vulnerability assessment, climate change modelling (in-house workshops).
- Projects recognized the benefits of the integration of project work programmes into national departmental annual plans. This approach supported national ownership and increased potential sustainability of efforts.
- Scaling-up: the partnership with the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (CCCCC) offered excellent opportunities to multiply the effects of the project as well as to scale up interventions. The project coordinated with the CCCCC on education and socialization actions, the development of sector strategies, the finalization of a comprehensive national policy and action plan on climate change and in capacity development for the national climate change office.
- Coordination: structures established through GCCA investments worked to support coordination of national portfolios. A key example of this was the National Climate Change Office which is mandated to coordinate all ongoing climate change initiatives.