GCCA Pacific Islands Forum Support Programme
At a glance
2016-04-01 to 2017-08-01
Micronesia, Federated States Of
Papua New Guinea
Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development (PACE-SD) of the University of the South Pacific (USP); the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP); the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS)
Pacific Island countries are highly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. Many countries in the region have extensive low-lying areas, which are vulnerable to climate variability, extreme whether events, and accelerated sea level rise. In addition to high vulnerability, the regional also has low capacity to adapt to climate change, making the impacts of climate change a serious development challenge for the region.
In the ACP Group of States, all fifteen of the Pacific countries are Small Island Developing States, and they are recognized as severely impacted by climate change. The GCCA Intra-ACP Programme dedicated 8 million euros to a four-year programme with the University of the South Pacific (USP) to address climate change in the Pacific ACP States. The programme began in 2011 and ended in mid 2015. It was implemented through the USP Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development (PACE-SD) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP).
The proposed action is the second phase of the 10th European Development Fund( EDF) intra-Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Support to the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) through capacity building, community engagement and applied research in the Pacific programme implemented by the University of the South Pacific (USP) (EU-USPGCCA), which ends in December 2014. The phase II allows to:
- Complete and expand the significant results of phase I;
- Keep the momentum and bridge the gap between the current phase I and future initiatives for the Pacific in the framework of GCCA
GCCA's action programme
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
The overall objective of the programme is to develop and strengthen the capacity of ACP Pacific countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change. The specific objective is to improve the level of understanding of climate change in the region through formal and informal trainings, on the ground adaptation activities, and applied research.
The programme has three major components:
- Capacity building
- Community engagement
- Applied research
Component 1 (Capacity Building)
Key Expected Results:
- A cadre of local skilled professionals sufficiently large and deep to support and guide governments, NGOs and regional organisations in their efforts to adapt to climate change, and to train others in adaptation especially at community level is developed
- Improved communities' understanding of climate change and of appropriate ways to adapt to its effects, in their specific local environments.
- Capacity Building via Post-Graduate Diploma
- Capacity-Building by Action-Research at the Masters level
- GCCA-Pacific Island Climate Change Community Training (GCCA-PICT) - Regional learning event â€“ a regional participatory event is expected to be organised for stakeholders.
- GCCA-PICT -National workshops - participatory learning sessions organised for local communities in each country.
- Building Climate Leaders (Students and Staff exchange) - South-South & North South interchange of experience with centres of excellence and international policy to build skills such as negotiation and leadership as well as research
Component 2 (Community Engagement)
Key Expected Results:
- Resilient local communities, equipped with the skills to develop, implement and sustain long-term adaptation strategies.
- 'Best practices' for community adaptation identified, researched and disseminated
- Review of Best Practices in Community Adaptation - past and present 'practices' for community adaption around the region are reviewed in terms of appropriateness, effectiveness and long-term economic, social and environmental sustainability.
- Community Engagement and Awareness Raising â€“ each country has a NPAC which oversees national project implementation. 43 communities are implementing various CCA initiatives.
- Community Participatory Vulnerability &Adaptation (V&A) Assessments
- Community Adaptation Plans - effectiveness of the community adaptation plans developed during the first phase are analysed e.g. adoption by local/national government and results shared via LMCCA network.
- Implementation of Community Adaptation Plans at Demonstration Sites â€“ in several communities ongoing roles and responsibilities for implementation of the Community Adaptation Plan are identified and agreed on for each community.
- Monitoring, Evaluation and Dissemination - a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) plan for Component 2 is refined according to the Community Adaptation Plans and activities undertaken.
Component 3 (Applied Research)
Key Expected Results:
- Better tools for monitoring and projecting climate change in the region developed and in use.
- Adaptive strategies suited to the Pacific context formulated for a range of economic sectors.
- Assessment of Disaster Risk and Vulnerability - development of projected national/local climate impacts, variability and extremes and comparison with current issues associated with climate variability and adaptation strategies.
- Formulation of Appropriate Adaptation Strategies and Practices - review and formulation of strategies and practices for specific sectors and locations
Capacity Building C1:
- 70 Scholarships awarded: 36 Postgraduate Diploma, 25 MSc and 9 PhD scholarships.
- 216 students graduated from the climate change program: 183 with Postgraduate Diploma Climate Change degrees; 33 with MSc Climate Change degrees:
- 19 students and 3 USP staff members have provided support to UNFCCC COP negotiations since 2012
- 150 trained trainers actively training others in climate change
Community Engagement C2:
- 2,695 community members have been trained.
- 51 communities implemented water sector projects that improved water security for their community
- Over 300 water tanks with over 1.5 million liters of water storage capacity were installed.
- Over 40 kilometers of reticulated water systems were installed.
- A low tech desalinization technique was developed, trialed and deployed during the peak of drought and state of emergency in the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
- 5 communities implemented coastal protection measures.
- 16 communities implemented food security measures.
- Disaster Risk Management measures were implemented in 8 communities
- Measures to improve economic development were implemented in 2 communities.
- Measures to improve health were implemented in 2 communities.
- Locally Managed Climate Change Adaptation Network established in the 15 project countries.
Climate Services/Applied Research C3:
- 33 student research theses were completed.
- 6 best practices reports were produced: Coastal Protection; Food Security; Water Security; Pacific Island Community Integrated Vulnerability and Adaptation; Community Integrated Vulnerability Assessment Facilitators guide; and the Community Integrated Vulnerability Trainee handbook
- 82 technical analyses developed or published.
- 59 adaptive strategies were developed, implemented, monitored and evaluated.
- 1 community risk mapping toolkit based on open source QGIS software was developed, with trainings in 5 countries completed.