GCCA+ Support on Coordination and Implementation of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) for Namibia

At a glance

2020-01-01 to 2024-01-01
Active programmes
Total budget
4,00 M€

Namibia is one of the most arid countries in the world with highly variable climatic conditions including persistent droughts, unpredictable and variable rainfall patterns, high temperature variability and water scarcity. Annual rainfall averages vary from less than 50mm along the coast, to 700 mm in the north; less than 2% of the land is arable. The economy relies heavily on the natural environment. The agriculture, forestry, fishery, and tourism sectors are key sources of GDP, employment and livelihoods, and 70% of the total population derive their income from agriculture. In the northern region, home to 42.6% of the population, women with small children and the elderly are the main participants in subsistence agriculture and maintain rural homesteads while men seek employment in urban areas. Since 2012 a
persistent dry period has impacted communities, the economy, infrastructure and the environment. The country is currently experiencing drought.

Access to energy is limited and in 2016 only 51.8% of the population could access electricity. Energy demand outstrips supply and around 60% of Namibia’s electricity is imported from South Africa. Achieving growth in Namibia’s energy generation sector will be crucial to drive economic development and energy security. Renewable energy is set to play a key part. Namibia’s NDC target aims to increase the proportion of renewable energy from 33% to 70% of the total energy mix by 2030.

Water scarcity also limits Namibia’s potential economic growth and undermines environmental and social development objectives. In urban areas such as the City of Windhoek rural-urban migration trends increase pressure on poorly maintained water infrastructure. Across the urban environment, water efficiency measures are ad hoc. Growing climatic variability adds further risk with successive droughts occurring over narrowing intervals since 2013. In addition, general public awareness about environmental issues and climate change impacts are still limited and not leveraging potentials for resource efficiency sufficiently â€“ such as e.g. water saving measures or sustainable energy options.

Historically strong economic growth of about 5% per annum since 2010 collapsed in late 2016 and the economy has since has been in recession. The Government's efforts to reduce the fiscal deficit have resulted in spending cuts that are an important contributor to GDP. Although an upper-middle-income country, Namibia suffers from dramatic inequality and 29% of the population are classified ‘severely poor’.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
4,000,000.00 €

Objectifs spécifiques

The specific objectives (expected outcomes) of the Action are three-fold:

SO1: To enable conducive policy and institutional environments for strengthened national, regional and municipal climate action;

SO2: To facilitate evidence based, gender sensitive NDC projects and business models to support scaled up implementation and finance for climate action (Adaptation and Mitigation);

SO3: To facilitate expanded access to affordable solar technologies by poor off-grid households.


Results related to SO1
O1.1 Government institutions have clear mandates to coordinate, implement and report upon climate change actions in a participatory and gender responsive manner.

O1.2 Namibia’s 2020 NDC updates reflect whole of government progress and is ambitious and gender responsive

O1.3 Windhoek has capacity to develop and implement by-laws which support increased water efficiency in urban areas, and access to solar energy in informal settlements.

Results related to SO2
O2.1 Budget coding clarifies and informs decisions about the source and use of all climate finance spent in Namibia and is gender responsive.

O2.2 A portfolio of NDC projects and business models is formulated anticipating a mix of investment from a range of international and domestic sources, in a cross-section of sectors

Results related to SO3
O3.1 Appropriate solar / renewable energy technologies selected and promoted with tailored financial products for targeted communities


Activities related to SO1

a)  Conduct a gender analysis of the Action and recommend options to ensure gender is a consideration in actions to increase capacity and improve coordination at every level of NDC implementation

b)  Review and update Namibia’s NDC Partnership Plan in time to inform 2020 UNFCCC processes

c)  A coordination mechanism operationalised (Sector Working Group) to implement the NDC and priority SDGs and national development policies and climate plans, with participation from relevant ministries, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Economics, the National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) and relevant development partners

d)  Conduct a best-practice review of climate governance structures in a selection of countries and recommend and test options to strengthen the mandate and composition of the National Climate Change Committee

e)  Develop guidelines for mainstreaming climate change priorities into national, regional and local development planning processes, promoting women participation and gender responsive results

f)  Develop training modules for lead ministries on best-practices to mainstreaming climate change into portfolio implementation policies, including monitoring and evaluation, promoting women participation and gender responsive results

g)  Review and update key regulations and by-laws of the City of Windhoek to promote water and energy efficiency.

h)  Provide equipment to Meteorological Services in order to synthesise data and make available information on climate/weather hotspots to farmers.

Activities related to SO 2

i) In partnership with the Ministry of Finance and in consultation with line ministries, establish a short-term technical task force to develop and implement a budget coding system using OECD DAC Rio markers

j) Devise and facilitate surveys to collect information from donors and non-state actors regarding climate finance commitments and or disbursements

k)  Analyse data and publish a ‘national landscape of climate finance’ tracking the life cycle of climate finance in Namibia and recommending options for the government to improve finance flows

Moreover a NDC project formulation team will be established within EIF to undertake the following:

l) In consultation with ministries, civil society and the private sector, prioritise a set of NDC outputs that require finance from a range of public and private sources to achieve implementation

m)  With a national academic institution (The University of Namibia has already started engaging with EIF), develop a curricula or internship to build a cohort with quantitative skills necessary formulate complex projects and business models across a variety of sectors and technologies using blended finance

n)  In consultation with the MoF, MET and other line ministries, develop high quality, bankable NDC projects for submission to a broad range of entities, including multilateral and bilateral development funds, and sources of blended finance

o)  Regularly report lessons learned for both approved and unapproved projects, including steps to improve success rate

Activities related to SO 3

p)  Define target beneficiaries in rural areas and in peri-urban settlements in Windhoek and identify barriers preventing access to existing concessional finance and solar technology packages.

q)  Review solar technologies supply chains and develop a list of approved technologies/providers, including where possible, indigenous technology developers

r)  Review existing mechanisms (such as the Solar Revolving Fund from the MME) and assess options for delivering innovative financial solutions to lower costs and minimise risks that prevent targeted beneficiaries from accessing finance for solar technologies

s)  Explore options for and establish a learning exchange with a Namibian tertiary institution, such as an internship, or course on project formulation for finance students

t)  Support communications, education and public awareness strategies to target beneficiaries in rural and peri-urban areas in solar affordable technologies and water and energy efficiency, and on climate change in general.

u)  Monitor the number of loans made to beneficiaries

v)  Monitor loan repayment and default rates