At a glance
The economy of Malawi and livelihood is largely dependent on its natural resources, either from the land (agriculture), biodiversity (agriculture, forestry, tourism) or water (agriculture, fisheries, energy, health). Over half of the population lives below the poverty line and more than 90% of the population practice subsistence agriculture with around 98% of the population in rural areas depending on wood fuel for their energy supply. This dependence on natural resources, coupled with rapid population growth, makes Malawi particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and variability.
The Government of Malawi developed its National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) in 2006. The NAPA recognises that the affected majority have the least resilience to cope with the impacts of climate change and its adverse effects. Currently, the Climate Change Policy is awaiting ratification by Parliament. A Climate Change Investment Plan was launched in April 2014 which looks at priority sectors requiring financing, while a National Climate Change Communication Strategy is in place to sensitise various stakeholders and the general public on their roles in this arena. A draft report on a Sector-Wide Approach for climate change was prepared at the end of 2011 but since then there has been no further movement. Despite the number of planning and policy documents Malawi has prepared or that are under preparation it is widely acknowledged that the emphasis must now move from formulation to implementation.