Global Climate Change Alliance Plus in Mali (GCCA+ Mali - phase 2)

At a glance

Duration
2017-06-01 to 2023-12-31
Status
Active programmes
Region
Africa
Country
Mali
Partners
Ministry of Environment, Sanitation and Sustainable development
Total budget
7,15 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)

Mali is a country vulnerable to the effects of climate change due to its geographical location (Sahel), the extreme poverty of a large part of its population and an economy dominated by the agricultural sector depending on random climatic conditions.

Faced with this situation and the need of preserving natural resources, the Government of Mali has adopted a series of environmental policies and legislation. These include the National Policy for Environmental Protection (1998), the Strategic Framework for a Green Economy (2011), and National Climate Change Policies and Strategies (2014). However, inadequate extension and low effectiveness of monitoring systems make it difficult to enforce this legislation on the ground.

In 2010, Mali received funding from the GCCA to support it in the fight against the effects of climate change. The "Global Climate Change Alliance in Mali" (AGCC-Mali 1) helped to develop the National Climate Change Policy, to sensitize the capacities of the Ministry's environmental executives, to make the Forest information system operational, to implement a forest inventory in the southern regions of Mali and to improve forest cover through the implementation of local afforestation actions.

In the continuation of the "AGCC-Mali 1", the present program contributes to the sustainable management of natural resources in response to climate change issues. In this perspective, the programme targets the forest sector due to its important role both in adaptation and mitigation to climate change. In this context, the new program focuses on (i) improving communication and information in the field of climate change and forestry, (ii) improving the operational capacity of the Forest Information System (SIFOR), (iii) initiating the establishment of a national monitoring system (MRV - Measurement, Reporting and Verification) and (iv) improving forest cover in the municipalities of intervention.

Countries

Mali is vulnerable to both global warming and rainfall variability. A temperature increase of 0.7°C was noted between 1960 and 2006 and an increase of between 1.2 and 3.6°C is expected by 2060. During the 20th century, Mali was hit by six major droughts and its climate is more and more arid. The population increase of 3.6% on average, coupled with climatic constraints leads to overexploitation of natural resources and makes restoration difficult.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
6,000,000.00 €

Overall objective

The overall objective of the action is to contribute to the sustainable management of Mali's natural resources in response to climate change.

The program will target the forestry sector as it can play an important role in both adaptation and mitigation to climate change.

The specific objective is to strengthen governance systems in the forest sector and to improve forest cover in Mali in the areas targeted by the action.




Specific objective

The specific objective is to strengthen governance systems in the forest sector and to improve forest cover in Mali in the areas targeted by the actio




Outputs

O1 : Communication and information in the field of climate change and forestry are improved.

O2 : The operational capacity of the SIFOR team is strengthened.

O3 : The Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system is initiated

O4: Forest cover in the intervention communes is improved.




Activities

Communication and information in the field of climate change and forestry are improved.

This first result concerns the strengthening of the role and capacities of the organisations in charge of climate change and forest management. In particular, support is given to the Agency for Environment and Sustainable Development (AEDD) and the Forest Information System (SIFOR) team.

The operational capacity of the SIFOR team is strengthened.

The SIFOR team is considered to be the best service for collecting and managing forest data. Nevertheless, its viability depends on ongoing discussions within the MEADD to clarify its status and therefore its funding. As part of this action, the program supports the ongoing reform, in particular through the provision of specific expertise to help the MEADD make the appropriate decisions and the SIFOR team to organize itself according to its new status.

The Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system is initiated

The MRV system is an essential pillar for the monitoring of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as part of the implementation of the Paris Agreement. It is based on measuring the impact of climate change-related activities, reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and independent verification of information. The program is focused on the first stages of its implementation, namely the definition of roles, capacity building, and a specific application to the forest sector.

Forest cover in the intervention communes is improved

The fourth result concerns actions to improve forest cover at the local level. Based on the results of the forest inventories, a targeting of intervention areas based on both climate change vulnerability and ecological relevance criteria is carried out. Given its vulnerability to climate change, the Sahelian strip is targeted, but other regions may also be selected depending on the results of the preliminary analysis



Achievements to date

(Last reporting March 2022)

At the end of March 2022, significant progress has been made, despite the rather difficult security context, which was aggravated by the COVID 19 pandemic. The cumulative technical achievements are as follows:

  • The completion of 99.31% of the actions to improve the forest cover of the subsidy contracts, (i.e. 4518.49 ha completed out of 4550 ha), including approximately 91.80% for planting actions, (i.e. 2588.72 ha completed out of 2820 ha);
  • The reinforcement of SIFOR's capacities through training and the setting up of material and technical means and the operationalisation of the afforestation monitoring and evaluation system;
  • The establishment of a progress report on afforestation projects carried out by NGO grant recipients;
  • The mobilisation of stakeholders for the monitoring-evaluation and the visibility of the programme through the mission of the DNPD and the members of the national steering committee.