At a glance
Mali is a country vulnerable to the effects of climate change due to its geographical location (Sahel), the extreme poverty of a large part of its population and an economy dominated by the agricultural sector depending on random climatic conditions.
Faced with this situation and the need of preserving natural resources, the Government of Mali has adopted a series of environmental policies and legislation. These include the National Policy for Environmental Protection (1998), the Strategic Framework for a Green Economy (2011), and National Climate Change Policies and Strategies (2014). However, inadequate extension and low effectiveness of monitoring systems make it difficult to enforce this legislation on the ground.
In 2010, Mali received funding from the GCCA to support it in the fight against the effects of climate change. The "Global Climate Change Alliance in Mali" (AGCC-Mali 1) helped to develop the National Climate Change Policy, to sensitize the capacities of the Ministry's environmental executives, to make the Forest information system operational, to implement a forest inventory in the southern regions of Mali and to improve forest cover through the implementation of local afforestation actions.
In the continuation of the "AGCC-Mali 1", the present program contributes to the sustainable management of natural resources in response to climate change issues. In this perspective, the programme targets the forest sector due to its important role both in adaptation and mitigation to climate change. In this context, the new program focuses on (i) improving communication and information in the field of climate change and forestry, (ii) improving the operational capacity of the Forest Information System (SIFOR), (iii) initiating the establishment of a national monitoring system (MRV - Measurement, Reporting and Verification) and (iv) improving forest cover in the municipalities of intervention.
Mali is vulnerable to both global warming and rainfall variability. A temperature increase of 0.7Â°C was noted between 1960 and 2006 and an increase of between 1.2 and 3.6Â°C is expected by 2060. During the 20th century, Mali was hit by six major droughts and its climate is more and more arid. The population increase of 3.6% on average, coupled with climatic constraints leads to overexploitation of natural resources and makes restoration difficult.