At a glance
Mali is a country vulnerable to the effects of climate change due to its geographical location (Sahel), the extreme poverty of a large part of its population and an economy dominated by the agricultural sector depending on random climatic conditions.
Faced with this situation and the need of preserving natural resources, the Government of Mali has adopted a series of environmental policies and legislation. These include the National Policy for Environmental Protection (1998), the Strategic Framework for a Green Economy (2011), and National Climate Change Policies and Strategies (2014). However, inadequate extension and low effectiveness of monitoring systems make it difficult to enforce this legislation on the ground.
In 2010, Mali received funding from the GCCA to support it in the fight against the effects of climate change. The "Global Climate Change Alliance in Mali" (AGCC-Mali 1) helped to develop the National Climate Change Policy, to sensitize the capacities of the Ministry's environmental executives, to make the Forest information system operational, to implement a forest inventory in the southern regions of Mali and to improve forest cover through the implementation of local afforestation actions.
In the continuation of the "AGCC-Mali 1", the present program contributes to the sustainable management of natural resources in response to climate change issues. In this perspective, the program targets the forest sector due to its important role both in adaptation and mitigation to climate change. In this context, the new program will focus on (i) improving communication and information in the field of climate change and forestry, (ii) improving the operational capacity of the Forest Information System (SIFOR), (iii) initiating the establishment of a national monitoring system (MRV - Measurement, Reporting and Verification) and (iv) improving forest cover in the municipalities of intervention.
Or le Mali est à la fois victime du réchauffement climatique et de la variabilité pluviométrique. Au niveau des températures, une augmentation de 0.7°C a été notée entre 1960 et 2006 et on s'attend à une augmentation entre 1.2 et 3.6°C à l'horizon 2060. Le Mali a de plus été affecté par six grandes sécheresses durant le 20ème siècle et son évolution climatique se traduit par un climat plus aride. L'augmentation démographique de 3.6% en moyenne, couplée aux contraintes climatiques entraine une surexploitation des ressources naturelles et rend difficile leur reconstitution.