Integrated management of Senegal's coastal areas: in-depth assessments and concrete measures for responding and adapting to climate change
At a glance
Senegal’s coasts are affected by a number of environmental problems, including coastal erosion, coastal flooding, soil and water salinisation, mangrove degradation and a reduction in fish stocks. Coastal erosion, in particular, is recognised as one of the four main natural risks that affect Senegal, and vulnerability of the coastal zone is identified as an area of intervention under the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). In the worst-affected areas, the coastline is retreating at a rate of two meters per year on average. Although the drivers of this phenomenon are in part of human origin (e.g. beach sand mining, coastal development), combined with natural problems (e.g. fragile coastal soils), their effects are expected to be exacerbated by climate change. Considering the significant demographic and economic importance of coastal areas, a comprehensive and effective response that integrates adaptation to climate change is required.