At a glance
Nigeria is located in one of the most sensitive areas to climate change in the world as it is globally ranked the 7th most vulnerable country (Verisk Maplecroft's Climate Change Vulnerability Index 2016). Nigeria is ranked 44th GHG emitter out of 200 countries and with the pace at which the country's population and economy is growing, the GHG emissions will equally continue to grow.
GHG emissions are primarily produced from land use change and forestry (38.2 % in 2014). The energy sector is also a main contributor (32.6% in 2014) of GHG (Nigeria's Second National Communication 2014). The waste sector is contributing more to GHG emissions than expected in the First and Second National Contribution reports, representing 14% of GHG emissions.
Nigeria ratified the Paris Agreement (PA) on Climate Change on 16 May 2017. In-line with the PA, Nigeria pledged to reduce its GHG emissions as follows:
a. Unconditional reduction of GHG emissions by 20% by 2030
b. Conditional reduction of GHG emissions by 45% by 2030