At a glance
The climate Paris Agreement builds upon the national climate pledges known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), including mitigation but also significant adaptation components for many LDCs and SIDS. The assistance to GCCA+ partners for a positive inclusion of NDCs priorities into national development and economic development planning will facilitate the implementation of the Paris Agreement while striving to achieve the SDGs. Moreover, in order to sustain poverty reduction efforts that deliver low-emission climate-resilient sustainable development, it will be essential to adequately support partner countries in the implementation of their National Adaptation Plans and Processes (NAPs) and other UNFCCC commitments, and provide reliable and user-friendly climate information for decision-makers.
This action will pursue to enhance contribution to climate change adaptation objectives, in selected GCCA priority countries, through an ecosystem-based approach and/or the deployment of nature-based solutions so further contributing to national efforts towards implementation of national and local adaptation plans.
This action promotes alliances of relevant stakeholders at the local level where these strengthen the delivery and global relevance of the initiatives. Protection, restoration or sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and possibly deployment of Nature-Based Solutions, is part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people and communities to increase their resilience and adapt to climate change. These are embedded in the concept of Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA). By targeting local communities and grass-root organisations, it will contribute towards increasing the awareness, social benefits and EbA processes at the local level for increased climate adaptation and resilience building, risk management. It will facilitate access to climate finance at the local level. This action supports the three priorities of the GCCA+ and targets up to 4 countries in the group of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS), where prior GCCA actions have been successfully implemented and ecosystem-based approaches and/or nature-based solutions can be replicated and/or up-scaled. It seeks enhanced cooperation with local actors (Civil Society Organisations and Local Actors) for transformational changes in terms of climate adaptive mechanisms, climate resilience, sustainable management of natural resources and livelihoods.
Local civil society, local actors and authorities hold responsibility in mobilising local societies' opinions and capacities since they are closer to citizens than other national public institutions. They can act as catalysts for change. This is essential for adaptation to climate change since the challenge is global but its solutions are mainly local.
This action will address two important resolutions for the GCCA+ flagship initiative, namely to follow-up on and implement: (A) recommendation of the global evaluation of the GCCA 2008-2014 phase suggesting 'stronger involvement of non-state actors (NSAs) and the private sector in GCCA-supported activities'; and (B) recommendation stemming from the GCCA+ Global Learning Event (GLE) 2016 on 'how to increase the social benefits of climate change policies and interventions' (e.g. number of beneficiaries, dissemination of best practices, replication and up-scaling of successful interventions, stronger mainstreaming/promotion of ecosystem-based adaptation, nature-based solutions and climate resilience building) at the local level. The action also contributes to the countries efforts to implement National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). It will use an innovative mechanism to replicate and upscale prior GCCA EbA best practices at local level via the CSO-LA financing mechanism for Civil Society Organisations (CSOs). This will open a GCCA+ climate action window for such CSO-LA interventions, so strengthening their contribution towards adaptation to climate change. This is in line with the EU commitment to the fight against climate change by incorporating spending on climate action into its whole budget and achieving the EU 20% climate target. At the same time, this Action will enable fast-tracked & demand-driven local action for climate resilience and foster innovative partnerships with CSOs under the GCCA+.