Responding to climate change in the energy and water sectors in Djibouti

Responding to climate change in the energy and water sectors in Djibouti

At a glance

Active programmes
Min. of Housing, Town Planning, Environment and Land Use Planning (MHUE), Min. of Energy in charge of Natural Resources (MERN), Djibouti Agency for Energy Efficiency (ADME), Min. of Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock in charge of Water Resources (MAPE-RH)
Countries involved
Total budget
3,00 M€
GCCA priority area(s)
Effects of climate change on the region

Djibouti is facing a range of environmental problems, including water stress and desertification, which can be compounded by climate change. From the point of view of adaptation, the main problem is the management of water resources, which are threatened by strong human pressures (demographic growth and urbanisation). Changes in the hydrological regime, combined with sea level rise, aggravate the ongoing process of aquifer salinisation (notably in the Djibouti city area) and water quality degradation. This results in water supply difficulties affecting human consumption but also agriculture and ecological uses.

Furthermore, Djibouti would like to get involved in the implementation of climate change mitigation measures, notably in the field of renewable energies, but currently lacks the institutional and human resources needed to access international finance. The country is also taking initial steps to promote energy efficiency, with the setting up (in 2013) of the Djibouti Agency for Energy Efficiency (ADME), and has requested institutional and technical support in this regard.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
3,000,000.00 €
Specific objectives

Develop an enabling institutional framework for climate change mitigation (in the energy sector), and acquire practical experience in the field of adaptation notably through the efficient reuse of treated wastewater.

Main activities per result

The Republic of Djibouti benefits from strengthened capacities and implements pilot activities in the field of energy efficiency and access to sources of finance (including carbon markets) for the development of renewable energies.

This component will include institutional support for the designated national authority (DNA) and the Djibouti Agency for Energy Efficiency (ADME) for the training of staff; the definition of a 3-year or 5-year plan for promoting energy efficiency; the construction of a pilot bioclimatic building allowing to test technical options for improving the energy performance of buildings; and the preparation and implementation of a communication and education strategy and plan to raise awareness of the benefits associated with energy savings and providing training on available technical options. Furthermore, the capacities of project promoters, DNA staff and staff of the Ministry of Energy, Water and Natural Resources will be strengthened in relation to access to the Clean Development Mechanism and other financial instruments available to support the development of renewable energies.

The adaptive capacity of communities established in the vicinity of the Douda wastewater treatment station is enhanced through support for water-stressed agricultural activities, access to treated wastewater, and sustainable use of this water for agro-sylvo-pastoral activities and ecological purposes.

A feasibility study will be undertaken for the creation of a 25 hectare micro-irrigation scheme fed by treated water from the Douda wastewater treatment plant. Based on its results, a pilot project for the creation of an irrigation network will be implemented, including the physical development of the irrigation scheme; the setting up of farmers originating from Douda on 0.5 hectare plots; their training with regard to irrigation scheme management and the setting up of a cooperative for this purpose; and support for initial production and management activities.

Furthermore, support will be given to the small farmers established on non-irrigated land parcels in the neighbouring Douda market gardens to reduce their vulnerability to climate change and climate risks, in particular water stress and the salinisation of water and soils. This will include the strengthening of capacities with regard to crop selection, the use of improved and sustainable farming techniques, water and soil management, the acquisition and management of inputs, crop marketing, etc.; and access to micro-finance.

In both cases, specific emphasis will be placed on the consolidation, management and dissemination of knowledge and good practices emerging from implementation.

It is also planned to undertake a feasibility study bearing on the reuse of treated wastewater not allocated to agricultural purposes in the nature conservation area recently created between Haramous and Douda, more specifically with regard to the development of reed-planted wetlands along the coast and the regeneration of natural vegetation – and subject to the availability of resources, to finance some activities identified in the context of this study.

Challenges and lessons learned (selected)

Experience so far with regard to cooperation in the water and energy sectors shows that awareness raising and education on the efficient use of natural resources, targeting the population at large as well as political and administrative leaders, is needed to ensure effective implementation of climate change adaptation and mitigation activities. A better understanding of the issues, a gradual change in attitudes, and public buy-in for goals and new practices that are perceived as relevant and beneficial are necessary to ensure the sustainability of the activities initiated under the GCCA project.

Way forward (selected)

Project activities will start in the course of 2015.