Support for climate change integration in Haiti’s national development

At a glance

Duration
2014-01-05 to 2019-05-20
Status
Active programmes
Region
Caribbean
Country
Haiti
Partners
Min. of Environment
Total budget
6,00 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)
Countries

Haiti is considered one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change, due to significant environmental degradation resulting from the overexploitation of forest resources, soil, water, quarries and coastal waters. This degradation reduces the country's capacity to withstand the effects of extreme weather events and climate change manifestations, whose expected impacts include a decrease in water resources, increased soil erosion, and intensification of coastal erosion and degradation of coastal ecosystems. Under such conditions, adaptation necessarily involves actions to reduce and reverse the degradation of ecosystems and natural resources.

Integrating climate change into the fight against poverty requires a comprehensive long-term vision to be implemented through planning, social and spatial organization - while the most vulnerable populations, in both rural and urban areas, are focused on short-term satisfaction of basic needs, to the detriment of the sustainability of natural resources. Experience shows that efforts to improve environmental and climate governance need to be complemented by actions on the ground aimed at meeting the needs of communities, particularly in terms of livelihoods and protection against disaster risks.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
6,000,000.00 €

Overall objective

Reduce Haiti’s vulnerability to climate change.


Specific objective

Strengthen the government's capacity to integrate environmental sustainability and climate change adaptation into development policies, strategies, programmes and projects.


Outputs

The Haitian Government has strengthened institutional mechanisms, capacities and means for environmental management and for taking climate change into account in the planning and implementation of reconstruction, development and energy sector actions.

The capacities of Haitian actors and in particular the Ministry of the Environment will be strengthened to enable them to carry out, supervise and validate strategic environmental assessments (SEA) and environmental impact assessments (EIA). These studies and assessments will integrate the climate change adaptation dimension in the practical context of carrying out a few such studies with the support of the project. Support will be provided for the effective implementation of the environmental and climate change adaptation measures advocated by the SEA/EIAs.  An institutional and budgetary framework will be put in place to reiterate successful experiences and will be used for the dissemination of practices and techniques for increased resilience to climate change and climate hazards, as well as for the development and implementation of a communication and awareness raising advocacy strategy and plan.

Practices and techniques with low environmental impact, enabling increased resilience to climate change and hazards for the population have been tested, recognized and evaluated in the field for wider dissemination and adoption.

Innovative actions, selected on the basis of a call for proposals, will be developed and implemented in three types of areas (urban, rural and coastal) vulnerable to climate change. By way of indication and subject to confirmation, they could concern the improvement of the resilience of the habitat to climatic hazards, the substitution of charcoal by other energy sources, the sustainable management of wood energy, the development of eco-compatible and climate-resilient agricultural practices, the safeguarding and/or rehabilitation of important coastal ecosystems, resettlement in areas less vulnerable to sea-level rise, etc. A list of lessons learned will be drawn up and the results will be shared in order to disseminate knowledge on the practices and techniques tested.


Activities

For Outcome 1, the achievements are as follows;

  • Development of a strategy to identify and collect good practices in the field of climate change resilience;
  • Conducting workshops with local authorities on the process of integrating climate change into municipal development plans;
  • Development and implementation of the climate change awareness plan;
  • Technical and financial support to the Ministry of the Environment for the development of Haiti's National Policy on Climate Change, which will be officially published shortly;
  • Design of a prototype species distribution model that could feed into the reforestation and afforestation initiatives outlined in Haiti's NDC;
  • Development of a strategy and action plan to integrate global and regional networks working on climate change issues;
  • Technical and financial support to the Ministry of Environment for its participation in COP23 in Bonn;
  • Supporting the Ministry of Environment's focal point in the process of making Haitian institutions accessible to the Green Climate Fund and preparing eligible green climate change adaptation projects;
  • Advocate in favour of the State and Parliament for the ratification and publication of the Paris Agreement;
  • Work with the government to integrate climate change adaptation into the national budget.

For Outcome 2:

  • Signing of two grants for innovative projects in two river basins vulnerable to climate change.
Challenges and lessons learned

The theme of climate variability and change remains new and complex for most Haitian institutions. Integrating climate change into national policies, programmes and plans requires a long-term process that includes, among other things, conducting sound scientific studies on the issues, strengthening human capital in some key ministries and a more appropriate governance system. This cannot be achieved through certain temporary and isolated activities. Moreover, the involvement of decision-makers at the highest level of the country and consequently the participation of key actors at the regional and local levels seems more than necessary if the country's resilience to the negative impacts of climate change is to be increased.