At a glance
Haiti is considered one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change, as a result of the significant environmental degradation caused by the over-exploitation of forest resources, soils, water, quarries and coastal waters. This degradation reduces the country’s ability to absorb the effects of extreme weather events and manifestations of climate change, which is expected to result in reduced water resources, increased soil erosion and the intensification of coastal erosion and coastal ecosystem degradation. In such conditions, adaptation requires actions aimed at reducing and reversing the trend to ecosystem and natural resource degradation.
Climate change mainstreaming in poverty reduction efforts requires a long-term, comprehensive vision to be implemented through improved planning and organisation of space and society – whereas the most vulnerable populations, in both urban and rural areas, are focused on the short-term satisfaction of essential needs to the detriment of natural resource sustainability. Experience has shown that efforts to improve environmental and climate governance need to be complemented with field activities aimed at satisfying the needs of communities, in particular with regard to livelihoods and disaster risk reduction.