GCCA's action programme
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
- To reduce Suriname’s vulnerability to negative effects of climate change,
- To enhance Suriname’s capacity for developing and undertaking appropriate and effective measures to adapt to climate change effects.
Based on problem analysis and needs assessment, the action supports Suriname in two areas:
- The first component focuses on climate data collection, on the performance of the national meteorological service, on hydrological/hydraulic modelling as a basis for sustainable water resources management at country level, and on adaptive research in the agricultural sector aiming to reduce the sector's vulnerability to the negative effects of climate change. This is linked to the focal sector of the 11th EDF NIP, sustainable agriculture.
- The second component addresses the problem of ongoing destruction of the mangrove ecosystems which provide a natural defence of the coastal area against sea level rise and erosion.
In the medium term, the knowledge and information generated by the action are essential inputs for subsequent climate change mainstreaming into national policies and strategies in concerned sectors.
The action also directly contributes to global EU and international climate change commitments (REDD+, UNFCCC, SIDS etc).
1.1 Capacity at the Meteorological Service of Suriname 9MDS) Hydraulic Division and other Institutions (WLA) strengthened
1.2 Water resources Modelling and planning for integrated and sustainable water management undertaken
1.3 New technologies to reduce the vulnerability of the agricultural sector to climate variability researched and results published
2.1 National Mangrove Strategy developed
2.2 Economic (monetary) valuation study of the mangrove ecosystems conducted
2.3 Existing Management Plans of 4 coastal MUMA's updated and implemented
2.4 Management Structures at the 4 Coastal MUMA's Established and adequately equipped
2.5 Patrolling and enforcement Activities improved
2.6 Public and Community Awareness campaigns designed and implemented
Some of the activities include:
- Tender, procure and install equipment and components for upgrading of the real-time automated weather stations, hydrological stations, and early warning stations.
- collate, digitize long term historical observation data and use in water resource planning and policy formulations.
- Conduct new water resource assessment (incl.; ground water reserves) to inform future planning for integrated and sustainable water management.
- Preparation of a Draft National Mangrove Strategy Policy Document.
- Training of Local small entrepreneurs in sustainable alternatives of mangrove use
- Development of a Mangrove Biodiversity Monitoring Program
- Dissemination, outreach and research on Mangrove Ecosystems Management to community and sectoral stakeholders and the broad public
- Awareness programs for media (TV/Radio/Journalists) on appropriate Mangrove Ecosystems Management to professionals in the media field.
Achievements to date
Results achieved during the life of the project related to the two Result areas of the project are:
Challenges and lessons learned
- Increase in Hydro-Met data collection capacity by 40%
- Installation of three Micro-irrigation systems and one Solar power operated greenhouse structure.
- The Digitization of 70 years of Historic Climate data within the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communication.
- Development of an integrated Water Resource Management Action Plan
- Development of a National Mangrove Strategy
- Set-up of a National Mangrove Monitoring System
- Although the GCCA+ project is designed to increase the national resilience against climate change, ironically the project has suffered from delays caused by the super hurricane season in the Caribbean region in 2017. Materials for construction of irrigation systems and greenhouse were stuck in intermediate ports by the inability the travel due to the cancellation of freight by boat because of the hurricanes.
- Climate Change is not restricted to one sector or Ministry, but pluri- and cross sectoral. Clear definition of roles and responsibilities on aspects of climate change adaptation is needed because there is overlap and fragmentation of responsibilities and mandates with regards to water management and data collection, hydrological and weather information and dissemination, land-use planning, mangrove conservation and climate change actions in different ministries.
- An important lesson learned is that regular inter-departmental consultation/discussion is needed on all levels, including policy level and technical level. This allows the optimal use of the limited capacity in the country. Regular gatherings lead to efficient use of funds, data standardization enhanced collaboration and participation among government partners in benefit of the project objective. This has influenced the decision-making process for prioritization, development and alignment of activities among all involved parties, resulting in improved coordination of CC Adaptation initiatives at national level.
- Due to the complexity of climate change, involving a number of technical subjects, sectors and institutions the PMU has invested substantial time and effort in building and maintaining partnerships with strategically positions partners. The partnerships have enabled the effectiveness and quality of the results achieved by the project. Without the support, involvement and collaboration of our partners, the project would not have been able to reach the targets and level of sustainability which it did.
- For climate change to become a living subject with the public, the media needs to be informed and involved to recognise the issues which are related to: i) climate change or the relation between climate change adaptation,water management, food security, farming, extreme weather events caused by climate change and, ii) peoples behavior, mitigation efforts,government decisions on land-use management; mangrove conservation and sea-level rise.