Mangroves are rehabilitated, protected and sustainably used, with the support of mangrove-related research. A code of practice for mangrove management is formulated. Public awareness and education on the benefits of protecting mangroves are strengthened. Forest legislation is enforced, and mangrove-related policy and legislation are subject to ongoing review.
A core activity under the Mangrove Management Action Plan is the rehabilitation of mangrove fields. This element of the programme involves selecting existing mangrove forests for protection, and identifying sites that are more difficult to rehabilitate but are of high value in terms of sea defence. Mangrove seedlings are being planted along different sections of coastline.
Another programme activity is the mapping of mangroves, using GIS tools, in conjunction with the establishment of a monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system undertaken in the context of preparation for REDD+.
On the policy and regulatory side, mangrove protection is now considered in the National Forest Act and the Second National Biodiversity Action Plan, which creates a supportive policy framework; it is now also fully considered in the new draft of the Forest Plan. The quality and effectiveness of regulations protecting mangroves are being reviewed.
Several actions have been and will keep being implemented in support of public awareness and community involvement. Participation of communities living close to mangrove fields is indeed very important both for protection and for mangrove monitoring.