Triggering a process of resilience in the field of food security in Mauritania

Triggering a process of resilience in the field of food security in Mauritania

At a glance

Active programmes
Min. of Economic Affairs and Development, Min. of Environment and Sustainable Development (MDEDD), Min. of Rural Development (MDR), National Meteorological Office (ONM), GIZ, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Countries involved
Total budget
4,00 M€
GCCA priority area(s)
Effects of climate change on the region

In Mauritania, the expected effects of climate change include higher temperatures, a decrease in total rainfall, greater instability in the distribution of rainfall over the year, and an increase in the frequency of extreme climate events. This may notably result in the general weakening of ecosystems, a reduction in the availability of water, arable land and grazing lands, an increase in livestock pressure in the south of the country (which is less affected than the north), and increased risks of conflicts between the agricultural (cropping) and pastoral uses of land and resources suitable for these activities.

Agriculture is thus one of the sectors most likely to be affected by climate change, which is a big challenge considering that the country’s agricultural potential is very limited and  fragile, and the country already faces a significant structural food deficit. The strengthening of agricultural production and food security requires improved governance of natural resources, including improved consideration of climate-related risks. Strategies and plans have been adopted to this effect. They now need to be operationalised, which requires improved institutional structures and processes, an improved legal framework, strengthened technical capacities and improved access to funding.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
4,000,000.00 €
Specific objectives

Support the development of climate-related services in targeted areas

Improve the population’s adaptive capacity in targeted areas.

Key achievements
  • Creation of 4 seminars for 200 farmers and ranchers, including 50% women on the concepts of variability and climate change (including: technical subjects such as managing a cropping calendar,).

  • Vulnerability survey at the level of two regions (Brakna and Assaba) validated including maps of vulnerability and the local survey have been finalized. An atlas of vulnerability analysis and reports at regional and local level have been published. Some recommendations have been incorporated into the National Agricultural Development Plan (NADP) and it is foreseen to ensure that the recommendations are taken into account in the sectoral guidelines (environment, agriculture, livestock) as part of the process for the development of the Accelerated Growth and Shared Prosperity Strategy (SCAPP) for the period 2016-2030.

  • Installation of six agro-meteorological stations and 500 rain gauges to facilitate proximity monitoring of climate data and their use by populations and the installation of control fields to improve farming practices by taking climate data into account.

  • Finalization of the financing process of 14 projects for a total of € 475 590 by the GCCA and a co-financing of € 124 785 (UNDP Small Grant Program).

  • Development of the results-based monitoring system (ongoing).

  • Developing a Results-Based Monitoring System (in progress)

Main activities per result

Forecasting and management capacities with regard to climate change are strengthened in the fields of meteorology and climatology, environment and rural development.

A national network of climate change specialists will be set up with a view to improving data collection and analysis and enabling the provision of demand-driven climate-related services. A pedagogical initiative on climate change, which could take the form of either a high-level university programme or training of agro-climatologists, will be established. A targeted training programme for national decision makers will also be implemented, alongside a national awareness raising and information campaign on climate change and food security.

Community-based food security initiatives supported in relation to local climate strategies integrate both local and scientific knowledge on climate change.

“Action research” studies will be undertaken to identify and document community-based practices for coping with climate variability and change in the context of household and community production systems. Integrated territorial plans including climate-related aspects ("plans climat territoriaux intégrés") that build on local climate vulnerability assessments and the ongoing decentralisation processes will be updated or developed; these plans should enable the integration of climate change-related aspects in local land use planning strategies. In addition, community-based initiatives aligned with the climate change section of the national environmental action plan and the priorities of the national adaptation programme of action will be selected and financed; the focus of projects will be on the improvement of agricultural and livestock breeding techniques.

Challenges and lessons learned (selected)
  • Beneficiaries emphasize that the program stands out compared to conventional projects, due to its innovative activities, consultation mechanisms at the local level and the strong adherence of the beneficiaries after the first sensitization phase.

  • The current challenge is to ensure coordination and functional management of all operational aspects of the new National Programme Director (NPD).

  • The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) is to be translated into a roadmap in the priority areas, supported by investment plans and prioritization in the budgeting.

Way forward (selected)

The project was launched in May 2014 and the activities planned for 2014-2015 are the following:

  • Adaptation of weather forecast models and development of climate scenarios.

  • Preparation and updating of climate profiles in the regions of Brakna and Assaba.

  • Development of training modules on climate change.

  • Construction of a national level education programme on climate change issues.

  • Awareness campaigns on climate change.

  • Analysis of climate vulnerability.

  • Define the processes for preparing Integrated Regional Climate Plans.

  • Proceed to the selection and funding of adaptation projects