Triggering a process of resilience in the field of food security in Mauritania

At a glance

Duration
2014-06-01 to 2018-05-31
Status
Active programmes
Region
Africa
Country
Mauritania
Partners
Min. of Economic Affairs and Development, Min. of Environment and Sustainable Development (MDEDD), Min. of Rural Development (MDR), National Meteorological Office (ONM), GIZ, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Total budget
4,00 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)

In Mauritania, the expected effects of climate change include higher temperatures, a decrease in total rainfall, greater instability in the distribution of rainfall over the year, and an increase in the frequency of extreme climate events. This may notably result in the general weakening of ecosystems, a reduction in the availability of water, arable land and grazing lands, an increase in livestock pressure in the south of the country (which is less affected than the north), and increased risks of conflicts between the agricultural (cropping) and pastoral uses of land and resources suitable for these activities.

Agriculture is thus one of the sectors most likely to be affected by climate change, which is a big challenge considering that the country’s agricultural potential is very limited and  fragile, and the country already faces a significant structural food deficit. The strengthening of agricultural production and food security requires improved governance of natural resources, including improved consideration of climate-related risks. Strategies and plans have been adopted to this effect. They now need to be operationalised, which requires improved institutional structures and processes, an improved legal framework, strengthened technical capacities and improved access to funding.

Countries

In Mauritania, the expected effects of climate change include higher temperatures, a decrease in total rainfall, greater instability in the distribution of rainfall over the year, and an increase in the frequency of extreme climate events. This may notably result in the general weakening of ecosystems, a reduction in the availability of water, arable land and grazing lands, an increase in livestock pressure in the south of the country (which is less affected than the north), and increased risks of conflicts between the agricultural (cropping) and pastoral uses of land and resources suitable for these activities.

Agriculture is thus one of the sectors most likely to be affected by climate change, which is a big challenge considering that the country’s agricultural potential is very limited and  fragile, and the country already faces a significant structural food deficit. The strengthening of agricultural production and food security requires improved governance of natural resources, including improved consideration of climate-related risks. Strategies and plans have been adopted to this effect. They now need to be operationalised, which requires improved institutional structures and processes, an improved legal framework, strengthened technical capacities and improved access to funding.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
4,000,000.00 €

Overall objective

Increase the resilience of vulnerable populations to the effects of climate change, from the perspective of improving food security.




Objectifs spécifiques
  • Support the development of climate-related services in targeted areas.
  • Improve the population’s adaptive capacity in targeted areas.



Produits

R1 - Forecasting and management capacities with regard to climate change are strengthened in the fields of meteorology and climatology, environment and rural development.

R2 - Community-based food security initiatives supported in relation to local climate strategies integrate both local and scientific knowledge on climate change.

 




Activités

R1

A national network of climate change specialists will be set up with a view to improving data collection and analysis and enabling the provision of demand-driven climate-related services. A pedagogical initiative on climate change, which could take the form of either a high-level university programme or training of agro-climatologists, will be established. A targeted training programme for national decision makers will also be implemented, alongside a national awareness raising and information campaign on climate change and food security.

R2

“Action research” studies will be undertaken to identify and document community-based practices for coping with climate variability and change in the context of household and community production systems. Integrated territorial plans including climate-related aspects ("plans climat territoriaux intégrés") that build on local climate vulnerability assessments and the ongoing decentralisation processes will be updated or developed; these plans should enable the integration of climate change-related aspects in local land use planning strategies. In addition, community-based initiatives aligned with the climate change section of the national environmental action plan and the priorities of the national adaptation programme of action will be selected and financed; the focus of projects will be on the improvement of agricultural and livestock breeding techniques.



Achievements to date
  • Creation of 4 seminars for 200 farmers and ranchers, including 50% women on the concepts of variability and climate change (including: technical subjects such as managing a cropping calendar,).
  • Vulnerability survey at the level of two regions (Brakna and Assaba) validated including maps of vulnerability and the local survey have been finalized. An atlas of vulnerability analysis and reports at regional and local level have been published. Some recommendations have been incorporated into the National Agricultural Development Plan (NADP) and it is foreseen to ensure that the recommendations are taken into account in the sectoral guidelines (environment, agriculture, livestock) as part of the process for the development of the Accelerated Growth and Shared Prosperity Strategy (SCAPP) for the period 2016-2030.
  • Installation of six agro-meteorological stations and 500 rain gauges to facilitate proximity monitoring of climate data and their use by populations and the installation of control fields to improve farming practices by taking climate data into account.
  • Development of the results-based monitoring system (ongoing).
  • Financing of 32 projects by UNDP Small Grant Programme implemented with GCCA funding for a total amount of €1,104,069.04 and a contribution from the Global Environment Facility GEF of €105,552.52,
  • Many achievements under the supervision of the GIZ:
    • Training of 18 veterinary auxiliaries and distribution of equipment kits,
    • Rehabilitation and equipment of water points in 9 villages,
    • Implementation of water and soil conservation measures, through the construction of 30 stone barriers and 03 bunds
    • Support to 9 cooperatives with 565 female members.
    • Training of local actors on Decentralized Natural Resource Management by GIZ.
    • Publications: Practical guide to mainstreaming climate change adaptation; Advisory support manual for adaptation measures; "EBA" approach manual; Trainer training manual on the CC module; Participation in COP 22 in Morocco and COP 23 in Germany
  • Draft of a results-based monitoring system (not operational).


Challenges and lessons learned
  • Beneficiaries emphasize that the program stands out compared to conventional projects, due to its innovative activities, consultation mechanisms at the local level and the strong adherence of the beneficiaries after the first sensitization phase.
  • The current challenge is to ensure coordination and functional management of all operational aspects of the new National Programme Director (NPD).
  • The program approach was not well managed due to communication problems that caused important delays in the first two years. Adjustments were made following the mid-term evaluation. This has made it possible to accelerate the funding of 32 community projects by UNDP and projects by GIZ. These projects were carried out following vulnerability analyses where priority needs had been defined with the populations and decentralized technical services.
  • The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) is to be translated into a roadmap in the priority areas, supported by investment plans and prioritization in the budgeting.


Way forward

The project was completed in 2018 and a final evaluation was carried out. Support for the MEDD in its climate action, and the climate resilience of vulnerable populations, will be strengthened by a second phase funded by the GCCA+.