At a glance
In Mauritania, the expected effects of climate change include higher temperatures, a decrease in total rainfall, greater instability in the distribution of rainfall over the year, and an increase in the frequency of extreme climate events. This may notably result in the general weakening of ecosystems, a reduction in the availability of water, arable land and grazing lands, an increase in livestock pressure in the south of the country (which is less affected than the north), and increased risks of conflicts between the agricultural (cropping) and pastoral uses of land and resources suitable for these activities.
Agriculture is thus one of the sectors most likely to be affected by climate change, which is a big challenge considering that the country’s agricultural potential is very limited and fragile, and the country already faces a significant structural food deficit. The strengthening of agricultural production and food security requires improved governance of natural resources, including improved consideration of climate-related risks. Strategies and plans have been adopted to this effect. They now need to be operationalised, which requires improved institutional structures and processes, an improved legal framework, strengthened technical capacities and improved access to funding.