How to get access to Climate Funding (I): the Adaptation Fund, the Least Developed Countries Fund, the Special Climate Change Fund and the Climate Change Focal Area of the GEF Trust Fund
This first session covered the 3 GEF (Global Environment Facility) – managed funds and the Adaptation Fund. The GEF operated Funds include the Least Developed Countries Fund(LDCF), the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) and the Climate Change focal area of the GEF Trust Fund. As GEF provides the secretariat services to the Adaptation Fund Board, the Adaptation Fund has been added to this group of GEF operated funds.
The briefing materials that were developed for this first briefing session on climate financing (available in the right colum of this page) can also be used for similar briefings in ACP countries, organised upon request through the Climate Support Facility.
During this first session, the training expert, Mr. Joshua Brann, provided a detailed briefing on the four mentioned climate funds. For each of the funds, the following topics were addressed: the fund status, main features, strategic priorities and objectives, current ACP participation, access modalities, detailed application process with review criteria, concrete indications on which ACP member states make strong candidates for funding and some project submission tips. Also a list of relevant online resources was provided for further information (application templates) and future reference. The presentation was continued with a comparison of the basics and the pros & cons of the four funds addressed. Lastly, Mr Brann briefly touched upon the current status of the Green Climate Fund, launched politically at the COP17 in Durban (2011) as the anticipated major future funding source for climate change under the UNFCCC.
During the question and answer part, clarifications were sought on the issue of one country being allowed to “borrow” the accredited National Implementing Entity (NIE) from other countries, and on the depletion of the Adaptation Fund. To this, Mr Brann explained that “borrowing” of NIE is not allowed and highlighted that the NIE is an entity different from the Designated National Authority (DNA), appointed under the UNFCCC. The AF will continue as its funds are being replenished. However, one should bear in mind that the available funds are mainly derived from the CDM carbon market whose existence beyond 2013 is not entirely clear yet. Some alternative ways of having the AF replenished were discussed, but obviously this is an area beyond the competence of the Subcommittee.
Further, Mr Brann confirmed that Madagascar is eligible to benefit from the AF. He also stressed that the AF aims at supporting initiatives that are coherent with national priorities and policies. In fact, coherence with national policies is one of the submission review criteria. It was also clarified that the AF does not apply a restriction in terms of numbers of proposals/projects submitted per country; the maximum total budget of 10 million US$ per country is currently the only restriction.
It was observed that the African Region has shown a lot more interest in the AF than the Pacific and the Caribbean. A representative from the Caribbean Region therefore inquired about the governance structure and the rotation period for membership at the AF Board. Mr Brann referred the person to the AF website for the requested information.
On the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change Fund, the Subcommittee was informed that no specific proposal submission dates exist, and that a rolling application process is applied in both funds. However, the Council meetings are the events that determine the timeline of the approval processes. On the percentage of cofinancing required, Mr Brann explained that there is no fixed percentage but that the rule “the more cofinancing, the better the chances to get approval” is generally applied.
Download documents: Box on the right-hand side of the screen